12 "Then spake Joshua to the LORD in the day when the LORD delivered up the Amorites before the children of Israel, and he said in the sight of Israel, sun stand thou still upon Gibeon; and thou, moon upon Ajalon.
13 And the sun stood still, and the moon stayed, until the people had avenged themselves upon their enemies. Is not this written in the book of Jasher? So the sun stood still in the midst of heaven, and hasted not to go down a whole day.
14 And there was no day like that before it or after it, that the LORD hearkened unto the voice of a man: for the LORD fought for Israel."
NASA states on their web site: "According to the laws of physics, there are only two possible explanations for having the Sun stand still in the sky for a day: (1) the Earth would essentially have to stop spinning on its axis...for which there is no evidence. -or- (2) the Sun would have to start moving about in the solar system in a very specific way so that it appeared to us on our spinning Earth to be standing still. There is no evidence of this occurring either."
The Sun standing still at noon for Joshua for a day may have been produced by God moving the Sun around the Earth. The history and a working model are given here. God may have moved the sun around the earth with earth's rotation to make the sun stand still in the sky. Perhaps God moved the sun around the earth, to the other side of earth, and earth flowed forward into a reverse orbit of the sun. Then half an orbit later, and a year later, He moved the sun back and earth flowed out of the reverse orbit of the sun leaving no evidence, no biological or geological trace, not even any net missing time. There is no other way.
From NASA's web site: "Most scientists draw a clear distinction between things that are taken on faith, and those that are testable and therefore falsifiable." God leaves no evidence so we have to have faith. Nevertheless, lest sincere people should be deceived, this web page gives evidence of faith.
NASA states "these events never occurred" regarding the Missing Day Story. However, the calculations given here are just like the Missing Day Story. Even if these calculations have been discovered here for the first time, they have as of now "occurred" and NASA's statement "There is no evidence of this occurring either." is outdated and false. NASA should really take the credit for the Missing Day Story.
The real credit goes to Jesus who has guided me in all truth, and to God who gives the victory.
There is lots of work to be done as a Christian for those who do not mind who takes the credit.
A Short Explanation
Did you know that the space program is busy proving that what has been called myth in the Bible is true? Mr. Harold Hill, President of the Curtis Engine Company in Baltimore Maryland and a consultant in the space program, relates the following development:
I think one of the most amazing things that God has for us today happened recently to our astronauts and space scientists at Green Belt, Maryland. They were checking the position of the sun, moon, and planets out in space where they would be 100 years and 1000 years from now.. We have to know this so we won't send a satellite, up and have it bump into something later on during its orbits. We have to lay out the orbits in terms of the life of the satellite, and where the planets will be so the whole thing will not bog down..
They ran the computer measurement back and forth over the centuries and it came to a halt. The computer stopped and put up a red signal, which meant that there was something wrong either with the information fed into it or with the results as compared to the standards. They called in the service department to check it out and they said what's wrong?
Well they found there is a day missing in space in elapsed time. They scratched their heads and tore their hair. There was no answer. Finally, a Christian man on the team said, You know, one time I was in Sunday school and they talked about the sun standing still. While they didn't believe him, they didn't have an answer either, so they said, Show us. He got a Bible and went back to the book of Joshua where they found a pretty ridiculous statement for any one with common sense.
There they found the Lord saying to Joshua, Fear them not, I have delivered them into thy hand; there shall not a man of them stand before thee. Joshua was concerned because he was surrounded by the enemy and if darkness fell they would overpower them. So Joshua asked the Lord to make the sun stand still! That's right---The sun stood still and the moon stayed---and hasted not to go down about a whole day!
The astronauts and scientists said, There is the missing day! They checked the computers going back into the time it was written and found it was close but not close enough. The elapsed time that was missing back in Joshua's day was 23 hours and 20 minutes---not a whole day. They read the Bible and there it was about (approximately) a day.
These little words in the Bible are important, but they were still in trouble because if you cannot account for 40 minutes you'll still be in trouble 1000 years from now. Forty minutes had to be found because it can be multiplied many times over in orbits..
As the Christian employee thought about it, remembered somewhere in the Bible where it said the sun went backwards. The scientists told him he was out of his mind, but they got out the Book and read these words in 2 Kings: Hezekiah, on his death-bed, was visited by the prophet Isaiah who told him that he was not going to die. Hezekiah asked for a sign as proof. Isaiah said Do you want the sun to go ahead 10 degrees? Hezekiah said, It is nothing for the sun to go ahead 10 degrees, but let the shadow return backward 10 degrees. Isaiah spoke to the Lord and the Lord brought the shadow ten degrees backward! Ten degrees is exactly 40 minutes! Twenty three hours and 20 minutes in Joshua, plus 40 minutes in Second Kings make the missing day in the universe!
Isn't it amazing? Our God is rubbing their noses in His Truth! References:
Joshua 10:8 and 12,13
2 Kings 20:9-11
Harold Hill who wrote the Missing Day Story may have heard of NASA scientists discovering such a reverse orbit. He used Totten's book, published in 1890, instead. These may be the original NASA calculations in the Missing Day Story: If the sun moved 180° east to stand still in the sky for Joshua, that means the sun moved to the other side of the earth, which takes 12 hours, and earth flowed into a reverse orbit. However, this 12 hours may be the battle of Merom and king Wan's dream and earth flowed out of the reverse orbit of the sun. King Wan's dream describes the sun in Virgo in Spring. The sun normally is in Virgo in August/September, 1240 BC. This is a detection of being 180° out, half a year out, not just a day out. "But the vernal mansions go to the west and the autumnal ones to the east, reversing the previous directions of these two seasons, and in opposition to the prevailing notion of the Chinese that the spring belongs to the east, etc." The Chinese Classics III p.94 This is is only true if the sun had moved 180° and earth had flowed into a reverse orbit of the sun. You can see Fang/Scorpio in the east when the sun is in September. For Spring to be in Scorpio, the sun must have moved 180°. This diagram is from 2300 BC, in 1240 BC the eastern constellation at the Fall equinox was Virgo, a month later followed Scorpio.
The sun must be near Pisces in Spring, that is just a fact. Then one year earlier, the first sun miracle by Joshua may be the fallen walls of Jericho, perhaps Saturday, February 17, 1241 BC. Thus the sun moved 180° west to the other side of the earth and earth flowed into a reverse orbit of the sun. Thus the sun may have ascended suddenly in the east at 11 PM Friday night for an early attack on Jericho as the Bible states. This might be February 17, 1241 BC and half an orbit from then, 188 days is 11 PM Saturday, August 23, 1241 BC. This is about the same as the half orbit from our Spring equinox to our Fall equinox 186 days 10 hours. Earth is nearest the Sun on January 3, 2013, which is two weeks after the winter solstice. February 15, 1240 BC is a quarter orbit, 91 days, from earth's nearest approach to the sun, November 15, 1240 BC. Over the past 7000 years earth's nearest approach of the sun has shifted from September to January. Thus the half orbit from 10 AM February 17, 1241 BC to 11 PM August 23, 1241 BC is the 187 days 12 hours. Then because the sun is on the other side of the earth this is 12 hours more, 188 days. Then the sun could move back and earth flow out of the reverse orbit. For there to be 365 days a reverse orbit year earth must speed up 48 hours in its orbit around the sun. Else there would be 367 days a year because rotation is against orbit.
Then we have about 24 hours of missing time in this half orbit unaccounted for. Earth must speed up 24 hours in half a year of 183 days. But this half orbit is 188 days (because the sun is on the other side of earth, so from 10 AM February 17, 1241 BC to 11 PM August 23, 1241 BC is 188 days.) of 365 days, 365.2422/188 X 48/4, correlating to 23 hours and 20 minutes missing time. This does not exactly match the 24 hours of the 48 hours to be applied to the first half orbit. We are still missing 40 minutes just like in the missing day story. The sun may only revolve 350° around the earth when Joshua asked God to make the sun stand still in the sky. Thus the elapsed time would match the missing time of that half orbit exactly. Then when the sun returned February 15, 1240 BC, the sun must move 190° east to match the 24:40 minutes missing time of the second half reverse orbit. Thus we may have found the missing 10°. The sun must move 180° back and earth flow out of the reverse orbit of the sun February 15, 1240 BC. The sun must also move a further 10° back that day, 190°, to make up for the 40 minutes. The word "about" a whole day fits. The sun stood still in the sky for 23 hours and 20 minutes for Joshua. Then we may have found the missing 40 minutes in the missing day story.
The shortest half orbit, the next half orbit of 177 days, is also the more sped up half orbit, from 12PM August 25, 1241 BC to 12PM February 15, 1240 BC, less 12 hours because the sun is on the other side of the earth = 177 days 12 hours = 365.24/177.5 X 48 / 4 = 24 hours 42 minutes. Or 365 - 188 = 177. There are 363 days in reverse orbit. August 24, 1241 BC Joshua's long day and the sun revolved around the earth. The sun returned a day early, February 15, 1240 BC from February 17, 1241 BC. So 363/176.5 X 48 / 4 = 24.67 hours; .67 X 60 minutes = 40 minutes. 24:40 hours. Therefore there is 24:40 hours missing in the second half reverse orbit. The second half reverse orbit should have the missing 40 minutes, as you can see, it does. You can see the normal sped up autumn/winter orbit is 32 minutes shorter from the graphs below a +16 minutes and a -16 minutes in the equation of time of the normal sped up orbit. Earth orbits faster when it is nearer the sun in winter. So if you can picture, this applied to the 24 hours sped up half orbit is also 32 minutes shorter = a 23 hours 30 minutes more sped up first half orbit and a 24 hours 30 minutes more sped up second half orbit = 48 hours. The half orbit is 186.5 days. Thus 188 days is 1.5 days longer. Thus at 8 minutes a day sped up reverse orbit (48 X 60)/365.24 = 8 minutes a day, this is 1.5 X 8 = 12 more minutes to the 32 minutes. 32 + 12 minutes is 44 minutes. Thus the sped up second half reverse orbit has 24 hours 40 minutes missing time and the first half reverse orbit has 23 hours 20 minutes missing time equaling the two extra days in a complete reverse orbit. Thus the reverse year is 365.24 days and not 367.24 days.
The sped up year is 363.24 days long in time, 365.24 days in sunrises. Even from Saturday, February 17, 1241 BC to Friday, February 14, 1240 BC is 363 days because of leap year February 29. If the sun returned on Saturday, February 15, 1240 BC the duration of the reverse orbits may be counted as 363 days because Saturday August 24, 1241 BC earth was not revolving around the sun, but the sun around the earth. Even that day the sun rose in the west and set in the east. Earth must complete 360° around the sun in reverse in one year less two days because of the sped up orbit. Thus the reverse orbit started Saturday morning February 17, 1241 BC and the sun moved back Saturday, February 15, 1240 BC on king Wan's dream exactly two days short a year. Then there were two days worth, 48 hours, of longer days to give the normal 365.24 days of time of a normal year. Thus at the end of the reverse orbit year, noon, February 15, 1240 BC the day is extended 12 hours. Thus, the sun returns at midnight February 15, 1240 BC in time, after 12 hours of noon time. The longer days together with the shorter time orbit still equal 365 days. Then the sun returned 365 days after it first moved at midnight February 16, 1241 BC. Thus there is no net missing time and solar eclipse paths are exactly as we would have predicted them to be back from the present to any time in the past.
"40 minutes had to be found because you are still in trouble 1,000 years from now. Forty minutes had to be found because it can be multiplied many times over in orbits.." - This reference to 40 minutes in orbit is key to identifying the above model with the missing day story. Thus the Missing Day Story, though adapted to Totten's work, rings true. Totten's book on Joshua's long day was reprinted in 1968. The forty missing minutes is there. But there is no mention of the forty minutes being multiplied many times over in orbits. Harold Hill may have heard of NASA discovering the missing 24 hours, and a missing 40 minutes, like I have done and not understanding it, he used Totten's book instead.
"They were checking the position of the sun, moon, and planets out in space where they would be 100 years and 1000 years from now." - When the sun moved to the other side of the earth, the planets must move 180° also. They must revolve around the sun so to appear in the same position at the same time of night as they normally would have in their seasons. Then half a reverse orbit later the sun may move back 180° and earth flow out of the reverse orbit of the sun. The planets would move exactly 180° from where they were appearing in their seasons to appear in their normal position when the sun moved 180° back and earth flowed out of the reverse orbit of the sun. This exact mechanics could also tell the space scientists to look at the half orbit point and discover they were missing 24 hours in earth's sped up orbit at that point. Only there would be some 40 minutes left over in missing time that had to be countered by a second half reverse orbit beginning right after the first half reverse orbit ended. After the sun and planets moved back exactly 180° one year later there would be no net missing time at all.
The best way is to square PI. The area of a quadrant is A X B X PI / 4. For earth's current elliptical orbit: So the shortest distance to the sun is 147,000,000 Kilometres. The longest distance is 153,000,000 K. The distance at the equinox is 149,000,000 K. So 147 X 149 X 3.14159265 / 2 = 34405.151. 153 X 149 X 3.14159265 / 2 = 35809.443. 34405.151 + 35809.443 = 70214.594. 70214.594 / 34405.151 = 2.04081. 2.04081 X 48 / 2 = 24.50 hours = 24:30 hours. The same missing 30 minutes. 48 hours over 365.24 days = 7.9 minutes a day. Then add a day and a half to get to Joshua's Long Day = 1.5 X 8 minutes and we have the missing 40 minutes. 30 + 10 = 40.
The nearest, furthest and half orbit point are not quite the solstices and equinoxes. Thus the distances above match the dates February 16, 1241 BC, August 24, 1241 BC and February 15, 1240 BC. Even so, today the equinoxes match these dates in distances from the sun to what they were on these dates of sun miracles in 1240 BC. Thus, the summer half orbit of 186.5 days today match this first half orbit from the fall of Jericho. Then to add a day and a half give 188 days. "The elapsed time that was missing back in Joshua's day was 23 hours and 20 minutes". The long day was 23:20 hours in elapsed time matching the missing time in that half orbit. The long days must add up to 48 hours in both half orbits. Thus, the second half orbit must have 24:40 minutes in missing time to add up to 48 hours. Thus the 10 degrees added up to 40 minutes and king Wan would see the sunset. the sun stay at sunset and first quarter moon directly overhead, and 12 hours later the sun rise 10 degrees above the western horizon. Thus king Wan dreamt he was clothed in the sun and the moon.
These dates have been put back one year, because the fortieth year eleventh month when Moses died should have been the eleventh month November 26, 1242 BC from the first month 14th day, March 30, 1281 BC. Then Miriam, Aaron and Moses died on the first day of the week as well as the first day of the lunar month. Miriam died Sunday, the first day of the week, the first day of the first month, February 5, 1242 BC. Aaron died Sunday, the first day of the week, the first day of the fifth month, June 4, 1242 BC. Moses died, the first day of the week, the first day of the eleventh month, November 26, 1242 BC. Then Friday, January 26, 1241 BC was the first day of Nissan. Sunday, February 4, 1241 BC was the 10th day when Israel crossed Jordan. Thursday, February 8, 1241 BC was the passover. Sunday, February 11, 1241 BC, Joshua circled Jericho once. Saturday, February 17, 1241 BC, Joshua conquered Jericho. 188 days later, Saturday, August 24, 1241 BC the sun stood still for Joshua. Saturday, February 15, 1240 BC was the battle of Merom and king Wan's dream. Then the lunar eclipse September 24, 1205 BC that was counted as in king Wan's 35th year was actually his 36th year, 35 and a half years had gone by. There may have been a sun miracle Friday, May 9, 1206 BC on the 13th day of the first lunar month of spring in king Wan's 35th year. The 13th day of the lunar month thus seemed a day early for a lunar eclipse and thus was interpreted as a sign by king Wan of his appointment of heaven. Then a sun miracle again on Sunday May 11 and earth flowed back in a reverse orbit 189 days to the sun miracle November 16, 1206 BC. Thus the sun miracle November 16, 1207 BC previous being cause for king Wan to declare "these many eclipses" as a sign of a new dynasty at the sun miracle on day 13, May 9, 1206 BC in king Wan's 35th year. Then, it was a the lunar eclipse September 23, 1205 BC a year later that king Wan made his statement, sun miracles and eclipses being too many signs from heaven. Then these dates mean Jesus must have stood up to speak in Luke 4 on Sunday night, August 28, 29 AD on the eve of the seventh month in the year of the jubile. And this be about the same time of year as Joshua's long day Saturday August 24, 1241 BC and Yom Kippur Monday the second day, August 26, 1241 BC. Then Jesus' crucifixion be the 490th year from the wall of Jerusalem being complete in 458 BC, April 3, 33 AD. And also be from the cycle of 49 years from 1242 BC unbroken. Then Jesus' ministry from his reading in Luke 4 to begin the jubile in the 50th year, August 28, 29 AD, be three and a half years to Jesus' crucifixion, April 3, 33 AD.
"Now that our Saviour taught his preaching three years, is demonstrated both by other necessary reasonings, as out of the holy Gospels, and out of Josephus's writings, who was a wise man among the Hebrews, & etc." The Complete Works of Josephus, Disertation 1, p.641
- Then, September 7, BC must be the captivity in the fifth month, seventh day, of the fiftieth year. Thus 70 years later the return was in the last month of the jubile - the end of the 50th year at Yom Kippur, November 8, 521 BC just two months after the captivity. Then the fiftieh year would be from September 22 BC = the next jubile on August/September 29 AD because there is no year 0. Thus September 29 AD - September 30 AD should be the year of the Jubile. September 23 BC should begin the 49th year. 49 year cycles counted from year 49, 1242 BC come to Jesus' crucifixion in 33 AD. Josephus gave the fallow year 49 from September 23 BC to September 22 BC. Then the jubile, the fiftieth year, from September 22 BC to September 21 BC. Thus Jesus spoke from Isaiah 61 September 29 AD to begin the jubile.
The first year of Herod in Jerusalem:
"But as to the more bold and hardy men, they got together in bodies, and fell a robbing others after various manners, and these particularily plundered the places that were about the city, and this because there was no food left either for the horses or the men;"
Wars of the Jews, Ch 18 p. 449 The Complete Works of Josephus.
This was when Herod took Jerusalem. This was a fallow year so thus the lack of bread. So 7 years back from 23 BC is 30 BC, 7 years back from 30 BC is 37 BC. So this must be 37 BC when the ground was not to be sowed, thus the shortage of food later that year. Thus the 13th year counting from 36 BC may be 23 BC. A shortage of bread would bring this calamity:
Josephus "1. NOW on this very year, which was the thirteenth year of the reign of Herod, very great calamities came upon the country;"
These two fallow years must be the 49th and 50th years. From Herod's reign in Jerusalem from 35 BC, his 13th year be this year 49 = 23 BC and jubile year 50 = 22 BC. This from year one Joshua's conquest in 1241 BC, the fiftieth year was the year of the 70 year captivity in 591 BC, then 521 BC was year one, to 22 BC jubile to 29 AD jubile. Thus Herod's first year at the conquest of Jerusalem in 37 BC was a sabbath fallow year and shortage of bread. This 23 BC was year 49, 14 years before a fallow year in 37 BC. There are two jubile cycles. One a 49 year cycle from 1241 BC and the other a 50 year cycle from 1241 BC of which is subtracted the 70 years of captivity from year 50 in 591 BC to begin again in 521 BC year one to Jesus' first year of ministry in August 28, 29, AD the jubile that year.
"1. AND now Herod, in the eighteenth year of his reign, and after the acts already mentioned, undertook a very great work, that is, to build of himself the temple of God,"
The 18th year from 35 BC is 18 BC which is cycle year sabbath year 49 from the year of Joshua's conquest, 1241 BC. So counting from 35 BC 18 years to the 49 year cycle is 18 BC. Likewise, the year of Jesus' crucifixion April 3, 33 AD was year 49 from 1241 BC. Thus the year of Jesus' resurrection was a jublile year. The blood red moon just after the High Priest was slain must have been the reflection of a red dimmed sun during the sun miracle that night at the same time as the lunar eclipse September 15, 5 BC. Similarily the sun was dimmed on Joshua's long day:Joshua 10:12 Sun stand still. That night the sun must have moved back 180° and earth flowed out of the reverse orbit of the sun.
If Jesus was crucified in April 7, 30 AD: Then counting from the 18th of Herod from 38 BC is 21 BC and 46 years later is 26 AD in Jesus' first year of ministry when he would be 31. Then Herod would have died in 4 BC, Jesus born in 7 BC and Jesus crucified April 7, 30 AD at 35 years of age. However, the cycles of 50 and 49 years from the beginning in Joshua's day do not then agree. Also the 15th year of Caesar that began John and Jesus' ministry must have been 29 AD because Caesar died in 14 AD.
Luke 3:1 "Now in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being governor of Judaea, and Herod being tetrarch of Galilee, and his brother Philip tetrarch of Ituraea and of the region of Trachonitis, and Lysanias the tetrarch of Abilene,
2 Annas and Caiaphas being the high priests, the word of God came unto John the son of Zacharias in the wilderness."
Tiberius was Roman Emperor from 14 AD to 37 AD.
Herod's reign was counted from 37 BC, 34 years to 4 BC by Josephus. Possibly at times his reign is counted from 35 BC. His death could be March 30, 4 BC. His first year was supposed to be 40 BC - 36 BC the 185 Olympiad. From 37 BC he actually reigned from Jerusalem. His son Philip reigned 37 years from 4 BC to 34 AD. Herod would hardly let his sons reign when he was still alive. Nevertheless, Jesus still appears to be born about Sunday, September 13, 7 BC, and crucified Friday, April 3, 33 AD. Also, there are many examples in scripture of Hebrews living 38 years, the span of Jesus' life from September 13, 7 BC to April 3, 33 AD.
Luke 2:21 "And when eight days were accomplished for the circumcising of the child, his name was called JESUS, which was so named of the angel before he was conceived in the womb.
22 And when the days of her purification according to the law of Moses were accomplished, they brought him to Jerusalem, to present him to the Lord;
23 (As it is written in the law of the Lord, Every male that openeth the womb shall be called holy to the Lord;)
24 And to offer a sacrifice according to that which is said in the law of the Lord, A pair of turtledoves, or two young pigeons.
25 And, behold, there was a man in Jerusalem, whose name was Simeon; and the same man was just and devout, waiting for the consolation of Israel: and the Holy Ghost was upon him.
26 And it was revealed unto him by the Holy Ghost, that he should not see death, before he had seen the Lord's Christ.
27 And he came by the Spirit into the temple: and when the parents brought in the child Jesus, to do for him after the custom of the law,
28 Then took he him up in his arms, and blessed God, and said,
29 Lord, now lettest thou thy servant depart in peace, according to thy word:
30 For mine eyes have seen thy salvation,
31 Which thou hast prepared before the face of all people;
32 A light to lighten the Gentiles, and the glory of thy people Israel."
Simeon mentioned Jesus is a light to lighten the Gentiles. There may have been a sudden brilliant sunrise when Jesus was born. Then the sun would be on the other side of the earth. Then if Simeon knew that Arcturus that now appeared directly above at midnight in September was the star of the King of the Jews, he would know seven days later, on the eighth day, that Jesus would be brought into the temple and circumcised and be ready to greet him.
See When was Jesus Born?
Luke 3:1 "Now in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being governor of Judaea, and Herod being tetrarch of Galilee, and his brother Philip tetrarch of Ituraea and of the region of Trachonitis, and Lysanias the tetrarch of Abilene,
Luke 3:2 Annas and Caiaphas being the high priests, the word of God came unto John the son of Zacharias in the wilderness."
John 2:20 "Then said the Jews, Forty and six years was this temple in building, and wilt thou rear it up in three days?"
Thus 46 years back from the passover in 29 AD is 18 BC when the temple was rebuilt by Herod in his 18th year from 35 BC. The temple was continually being rebuilt to 70 AD.
In a half orbit of 186.6 days and 178.6 days: The difference in orbit speed is +8 minutes and -8 minutes. That adds up to 16 minutes in a 24 hour day. However, over 48 hours that adds up to 32 minutes. I believe the speed of earth is the factor. Because earth's reverse orbit is sped up 48 hours a year, earth's half orbit plus earth's next half orbit - a complete reverse orbit year - must add up to 48 hours less and still be 365 days and 5 hours. Because at the same speed and distance of earth's orbit in reverse there would be 367.24 days unless earth's reverse orbit is sped up two days, 48 hours, because rotation is against orbit in earth's reverse orbit. Then the first half orbit must be applied to 24 hours, half of the sped up 48 hours. The speed of earth must speed up 32 minutes in the second half reverse orbit when earth is nearest the sun. Thus the first half orbit is 23:28 hours shorter and the second half orbit 24:32 hours shorter. Two 180° movements east of the sun, to begin and end a half reverse orbit, add up to 24 hours. Thus the first half orbit is missing 32 minutes in elapsed time. However, if one half orbit is 188 days, as it is from the fall of Jericho to Joshua's long day, the second half orbit may be 177 days ending about one year later, February 15, 1240 BC - the sixth day of the Chinese month from February 1 when the moon passed the sun, the first day, as in king Wan's dream. The missing time of the half reverse orbit from 365.24/188 X the 48 hours/4 = 23 hours 20 minutes. Still missing 40 minutes just as in the Missing Day Story till the other half orbit is added.
Jericho may have fallen Saturday February 17, 1241 BC. The walls may have fallen as a result of an earthquake caused by the sun revolving around the earth for an early and sudden sunrise in the east when Joshua and Israel rose up early that seventh day. Then Joshua's long day 188 days later, - from which the 50 year jubile was counted - Saturday, August 24, 1241 BC, and king Wan's dream Saturday, February 15, 1240 BC. All the calculations work the same way. Then king Wan's first year could begin February 15, 1240 BC, at the sun miracle on the sixth day of the moon. It was written king Wan ruled over two thirds of China before his son Wu became emperor. The lunar eclipse on his 35th year probably was day 13 of 60, September 23, 1205 BC. His battle with Emperor Wending in Wending's 12th year, 1240 BC, the first year of king Wan, that day in which he had victory and which he described the sun miracle in detail in what is known as king Wan's Dream. Thus the sun miracle and his appointment of Heaven. Then after 35 years, rather his 36th year, he stated that lunar eclipse was untimely. It was on day 13 of cycle 60. A lunar eclipse is normally on lunar day 15. Only day 13 was out of the 60 day cycle. Sun miracles and eclipses were omens to the Chinese for a change in emperor. Thus this lunar eclipse record on day 13 probably was September 23, 1205 BC. If the sun moved back February 15, 1240 BC, it must have moved to the other side of earth one year earlier, February 17, 1241 BC. Barak and Deborah fought on the same day as Joshua at the battle of Merom, February 15, 1240 BC. Thus the sun stood still at noon that day also for Joshua to get the victory.
Then we may have found the 40 minutes in the Missing Day Story. 11 PM August 23, 1241 BC may have been when Gideon attacked the Midianites at the beginning of the second watch that year, slew 120,000 men and travelled 60 miles before turning back in victory before sunrise. Not possible in the dark and not possible in just the few hours of the morning twilight. Gideon returned before the sun ascended. In August there are only five hours from the middle watch to sunrise. People can walk only about 20 miles a 12 hour day. Thus with 36 hours of daylight and the sun setting in the east, Gideon could travel this 60 miles before the sun suddenly rose in the east two hours after it set in the east.
John 9:4 "I must work the works of him that sent me, while it is day: the night cometh, when no man can work."
Joshua 10:9 "And Joshua came to them suddenly, all the night had he gone up from Gilgal."
The night ended at the second watch, 11 PM when the sun rose in the west on Gideon. An army can climb from Gilgal to Gibeon in the four hours to the sunrise in the west. The sun appeared to be headed to set in the east. Then Joshua asked God to stop the sun. The sun was already travelling fast around the earth. Joshua asked God to slow his movement of the sun so it would stop in the middle of the sky. Therefore the debate about how to slow a stopped sun is answered here. The sun should be as bright as normal when Joshua asked God to Damam - stop, dim, the sun. The sun standing still in the sky should be dimmed to leave the same daily coral layer. The first quarter moon would normally rise over the mountains in the east August 24, 1241 BC just before 1 PM. However, the day retreating to the dawn may be the day and lunar day retreating from the August 15 moon to the August 14 moon. Thus the sun at the 12 PM position, noon position, and the moon just above the eastern horizon. Then the sun "hasted not to go down a whole day" because the sun was moving west east and with the moon visible and setting in the west, the sun could not pass from the noon position till the 24 hour day had passed. Thus the sun would be in the middle of the sky in the 12 PM position when the moon stayed in the valley of Ajalon in the east for 24 hours. Then the sun "hasted not to go down a whole day" because the sun was moving west east and with the moon visible and setting in the west, the sun could not pass from the noon position till the 24 hour day had passed.
The second watch at which Gideon attacked would begin at midnight in August. The sun would suddenly rise in the east or west, probably in the west, about 11 PM at the beginning of the second watch. It is very unusual to fight a battle at night. There must have been more than moonlight. Thus the sun must have risen in the west shortly after the beginning of the second watch. Thus Gideon could chase the Midianites in the daylight.
"139 BC June 11 China. "Emperor Wu of Han, 2nd year of the Jianyuan reign period, summer, 4th month, day wushen . There was a bright light as if the sun appeared at night."
East Asian Archaeology, p.89.
"While Bhagavan Aditya [the sun] illumines the god's mountain, continuously going around, he heats only half the land up to Lokaloka Mountain, and he covers half [with darkness]. Not approving of this, Priyavrata, having accumulated super human power the the worship of the Lord, [thought] 'I shall make night into day'. With a chariot built of light of the same speed, he went seven times around following the movement of the sun like a second sun."
Bhagavatam verse 5.1.30, Mysteries of the Sacred Universe, p.58
Possibly the sun rose in the west just after sunset. Thus what they saw was not a second sun, but the sun moving 180°. This could also describe the sun standing still for 7 X 12 hours, revolving around the earth 7 X 180° with earth's rotation such as at the sabbaton, a sabbath of seven sabbaths the night Jesus was crucified. It could also describe the sun revolving 7 X 180° west and rising and setting several times.
Psalm 74:15 "Thou didst cleave the fountain and the flood: thou driedst up mighty rivers.
16 The day is thine, the night is thine: thou hast prepared the light and the sun.
17 Thou hast set all the borders of the earth: thou hast made summer and winter."
Perhaps the sun did come out at night:
"the three Miao tribes were in great disorder and Heaven decreed their destruction. The sun came out at night and for three days it rained blood. A dragon appeared in the ancestral temple and dogs howled in the market place..."
In Shun's 32nd year, he commanded the prince of Hea to take the superintendance of the people, who thereupon visited the mountains of the four quarters. In his 33rd year, in the spring, in the first month, the prince of Hea, Yu, received the appointment to be successor, in the temple of the spiritual ancestor; and restored the division of the empire into nine provinces. In his 35th year Shun commanded the prince of Hea, Yu, to lead a punitive expedition against the Yew-maeou. The prince of Yew-maeou came and did homage.
The Chinese Classics III, The Annals of the Bamboo Books, p.116
33 years from Shun's first year in 2216 BC was this sun miracle about 2183 BC in the co-reign of Yu and Shun. In this case the sun did come out at night. The dragon which the Chinese say was brighter than the sun also appeared.
Thus by asking God to make both the sun stand still and the moon stay on the eastern horizon in the valley of Ajalon, Joshua was asking God that the sun not move from the noon position to set in the east because the sun and moon must move together. Thus the sun would be in the middle of the sky in the 12 PM position when the moon stayed in the valley of Ajalon in the east for 24 hours. The sun "hasted not to go down" means Joshua knew the sun was moving when it travelled west east. That is why Joshua knew what he was praying to God for, that the sun would dim/slow in its movement west east and stop in the middle of the sky. He would know the sun does not normally move when it appears to travel east west. But when the sun travelled west east to make a 12 hour day the sun must move 45 million miles per hour. When it stopped in the middle of the sky that day it had bee travelling 45 million miles an hour and slowed to 22 million miles per hour. 24 hours later it hasted again to set in the east doubling its speed from 22 million miles per hour to 45 million miles per hour. 6 hours + 24 hours + 6 hours = 36 hours daylight that day. The night time travel of the sun from 11 PM Friday August 23, 1241 BC to sunrise in the west = 90° and the night time travel from sunset in the east = 90° adding to 180° Thus the total movement of the sun was 5 X 180° east and the sun on the other side of the earth. Earth could flow out of the reverse orbit of the sun, only the sun moved immediately 180° west to suddenly rise in the west to the noon position and start another half reverse orbit of the sun to leave no net missing minutes.
Here you see the sunset on Joshua's long day. Joshua 10:27
Ereb 6153 means sun set. This could equally mean sun set in the east. In the evening means between the evenings of sunset and dark. Bow 935 means the going down or setting of the sun. To come or to return. When the sun set in the east it returned to the east. This word appears as the origin of Greek words for the sun to bow down in the east before the early resurrection sunrise in the east. And also, the sun to bow down in the west on the two travelling to Emmaus with Jesus, when they said to Jesus "the day is far spent".
The sun could travel 45° east from the 11 PM position to the 8 PM position in August, then the sun travel 180° east to rise in the west to the noon position = 180° in six hours;, then stay at the noon position for 24 hours = 360°, then the sun set in the east 180° in six hours, then the sun move a further 45° east to the 3 AM position, the third hour of the night = a likeness to the resurrection morning and Gideon's attack at the second watch, the Roman watch over the tomb. Then that Sunday, August 25, 1241 BC the sun would stop and reverse course and travel 180° west from the 9 AM China position = 3 AM Israel position to the 3 PM Israel position. Now we need to take care of the 40 minutes. We find a 40 minute difference between the length of the two half reverse orbits applied to the 48 hours sped up time because earth's orbit is elliptical. Now to find a reference to the beginning of the second half reverse orbit: In Judges 8:13 Gideon returned before the sun ascended, perhaps suddenly in the east at sevenfold brightness. Then earth could flow into a reverse orbit of the sun for the winter half reverse orbit to take care of the 40 minutes to February 15, 1240 BC.
Joshua may have been aware that the sun by moving west east was revolving around the earth that day. So when Joshua asked God to stop the sun he knew what he was talking about.
Joseph, Joshua's father 1093 years earlier in 2333 BC dreamed, and there was a sun miracle for Joseph when he was in Egypt. This may have been when the sun stood still in the sky for 10 days in China, whereupon Yao was made emperor over China and Joseph governor over Egypt, about 2316 BC. Joshua would have been aware of his father's dream, and thus with his request to God to make the sun stand still, fulfilled this prophesy again in his lifetime.
Genesis 37:9 "And he dreamed yet another dream, and told it his brethren, and said, Behold, I have dreamed a dream more; and, behold, the sun and the moon and the eleven stars made obeisance to me."
Matthew 5:45 "That ye may be the children of your Father which is in heaven: for he maketh his sun to rise on the evil and on the good, and sendeth rain on the just and on the unjust."
The sun must suddenly rise in the east, August 25, 1241 BC. Then there would be a second reverse orbit of 177.6 days right after the first covers the shortest half of earth's elliptical orbit. 365.24/177.5 X 48/4 = or 23:20 hours. 24:40 hours + 23:20 hours = 48 hours missing time. We have found the missing 40 minutes. 48 hours elapsed time countered by 48 hours missing time. The elapsed time: + 12 hours February 17, 1241 BC + (36 hours total daylight 12 + 24, that August 24, 1241 BC) 60 hours in eastern movement of the sun - sun rise in the west stand still at noon for 24 hours and set in the east - the night of Friday August 23, 1241 BC - minus 12 hours Sunday August 25, 1241 BC sun move 180° west and + 12 hours February 15, 1240 BC the sun stand still at noon again. The beginning of the second watch may be the time the sun rose in the west and stood still in the sky for 24 hours. Then the sun set in the west and rose suddenly in the east in Judges 8:13 at sevenfold brightness like at Jesus' resurrection April 5, 33 AD. At 11 PM August 23, 1241 BC the sun must travel 45° east to rise in the west at the 8 PM position then passing 180° in six hours to the noon position. Then the sun travelling 360° to stand still at noon for 24 hours. Then the sun travelling 180° to set in the east on Israel in six hours. Then the sun travelling 45° to the 9 AM position in China, 3 AM position in Israel. Earth temporarily flowing out of the reverse orbit of the sun. Then the sun reversing course, and suddenly and brilliantly travelling 180° west to the 3 PM position - or noon position because of a few hours to travel the 180°. When the sun travelled east 45° and 180° then 360° and stood still in the sky then 180° and set in the east on Israel, then the sun move 45° further east to the 3 AM Israel position. And when the sun travelled west 180° perhaps the sun was brightened sevenfold.
Then when earth flowed out of the second reverse orbit February 15, 1240 BC, eclipse paths on earth's surface would be exactly where we would predict them to be backwards in time and daily coral lines would be exactly as we would expect them to be each day. Yes, you can find if the sun set on August 24, 1241 BC in the daily growth on a coral. However, if the sun were dimmed the layer may appear as any other daily layer. The sun may have been dimmed while it stood still in the sky to leave the same daily coral line, coral polyps lay down daily growth rings. "If a ring is added each day it could be that on a day with particularly bad weather no ring is added".
Joshua 10:13b "So the sun stood still in the midst of heaven, and hasted not to go down about a whole day."
The word for "about" is the letter Kaf and means "like the" or "about". The text reads "the sun stood still for nearly a full day" about 24 hours. Thus the word like a full day. - A day, Yom, may mean a range of light colors from sunrise to sunset. Thus the word "about" a day of 12 hours as there are 10 hours in winter sun light and 14 hours sun light in summer. However, a whole day includes the night and day and is one complete revolution of 24 hours rather than about 12 hours of sun light. Thus the sun stood still in the sky for like the full revolution of one full day of 24 hours. The first half orbit is short 40 minutes in missing time in the 24 hours sped up time for the first half orbit. Then the 40 missing minutes may be applied to the 24 hours the sun stood still August 24, 1241 BC. Thus the term the sun stood still in the sky for "about" a whole day is very accurate. The sun stood still for 23:20 hours while the sun revolved around the earth 350°. The term "from the half of heaven" means earth was already in a reverse orbit from the sun moving 180° six months earlier. From the half of heaven means from the sun's position among the stars. From February 17, 1241 BC is half an orbit to August 24, 1241 BC when the sun must return and the night sky of the night of August 24, 1241 BC be 180° different than the night before as the sun was on the other side of the earth. Then if you can picture the sun revolving around the earth 350° with earth's rotation to stand still at noon Israel time for 23:20 hours, about a full day.
John 11:9 "Jesus answered, Are there not twelve hours in the day? If any man walk in the day, he stumbleth not, because he seeth the light of this world."
The sun stood still "in the midst" of heaven is literally translated as "from the half" of heaven"
The red letter Bet, is thought to have originally meant "from" instead of "in" or "with". If the sun moved with earth's rotation 12 hours, that is half way, Israel would see stars from the other half of heaven that night. While demonstrating to my wife, in the summer of 1999, the sun moving 180° around the earth to stand still in the sky it occurred to me earth would continue moving but now in reverse. Ancient Greek and Chinese records describe earth in a reverse orbit. You will see the sun may have stood still in the sky for 12 hours as it moved 180° to the other side of earth. Only this was not Joshua's long day at Gibeon. This must be six months after Joshua's long day and be the extra daylight Joshua needed at the battle of Merom and earth flowed out of a reverse orbit one year after the fall of Jericho. Likewise, after Joshua's long day the Israelites would see stars from the other half of heaven that night.
These little words in the Bible are important, the word about, the letter Kaf:
Luke 3:23 "And Jesus himself began to be about thirty years of age,"
Jesus was probably born the 17th of the seventh month, Sunday, September 13, 7 BC. Jesus began his ministry with his birthday, the 17th of the seventh month, August 27, 28 BC. He began to be 34 then. There is no year zero. Thus Jesus began to be about thirty years of age. Just like the sun stood still for about a day less 40 minutes, Jesus began his ministry four years after he turned thirty.
You will see the probable was that the sun revolved to the otherside of earth for a early sunrise for Joshua to conquer Jericho on the Sabbath, February 17, 1241 BC.
Here we see how the sun stood still in the noon position for Joshua for "about" a full day of 24 hours. The missing time was 40 minutes less than 24 hours. Perhaps the sun revolved around the earth 350° standing still in the sky for 23:20 hours elapsed time. Then when the sun returned February 15, 1240 BC at noon Israel time, this was 6 PM China time for king Wan. Then the six day moon would be above and the sun had set and the stars of Fang/Scorpius came out with the planets. Then the sun stood still for 12 hours at the noon position on Israel at the battle of Merom, and at the twilight sunset position on China. Then the sun moved a further 10° east to make up for the 24:40 hours, 40 minutes missing time, in the second half reverse orbit. Thus the sun moved 190° and ascended in the west to the sunset position. That is, the sun set in the west in China the night of Saturday, February 15, 1240 BC, then rose in the west 10° within 12 hours as the sun stood still at noon on Israel. Thus the sun moved 190° in 12 hours. Thus king Wan both saw the stars come out, then the sun come out. Thus he dreamt he was clothed in the sun and the moon.
The reference in The Missing Day Story to the sun's shadow descending backwards in 2 Kings 20:9-11 was the Hebrew word Mahaleh, for ascending as well. Perhaps the second reference to the sun setting in the east is equally applicable to Joshua's long day. The sun descended, then ascended. The sun ascended in Judges 8:13 when Gideon returned before the sun was up, before the sun ascended for a second half reverse orbit, to correct for this 40 minutes. Also, of note is the reference to the sun going backwards. That the sun ascended, perhaps it had descended. The sun might have gone backwards to rise/descend from the west at 11 PM August 23, 1241 BC on the Sabbath being the Hebrew Saturday, stood still at noon for 24 hours, then set in the east and then suddenly ascended August 25, 1241 BC in the east. Perhaps the sun was brightened to sevenfold when it ascended in the east to the noon position, and dimmed when it stood still 24 hours, then set in the east. The sudden sunrise in the east Sunday August 25, 1241 BC was like the early sudden sunrise on Jesus' resurrection. Perhaps the sun rose in the west the night of August 23, 1241 BC finally setting in the east 36 hours later - a 36 hour long day. The sun would rise in the west to the meridian in China before suddenly and brilliantly moving west for a sudden sunset on China in the west and sunrise in the east on Israel. Then the moon would set in the east and day appear dim like it does on a heavy cloudy day. Then this day may be like the resurrection morning. That there was no day like it that God hearkened to a man must have meant that it was almost blasphemy at other times to command the sun to stand still and God did not hearken to man at other times. However, Joshua may have intended to ask God to make the sun stand still when he urged the Israelites to go up at once and conquer the promised land soon after the Israelites left Egypt:
Numbers 14:9 "Only rebel not ye against the LORD, neither fear ye the people of the land; for they are bread for us: their shade is departed from them, and the LORD is with us: fear them not."
The word "their shade is departed from them" Joshua may have meant a sunrise and the sun standing still at noon for 24 hours while they got the victory. Like wise, the king of the Midianites Gideon slew, Zalmunna, means "shade taken away".
Even when Isaiah prayed the sun to retreat ten steps, it was God that commanded Isaiah to ask Hezekiah if the shadow should decline ten steps, retreat ten steps.
Judges 5:20 "They fought from heaven; the stars in their courses fought against Sisera."
The stars in their courses may simply mean the sun moved to the other side of earth that day. Then that night Israel would see stars from the other half of heaven. The stars would be seen to set in the west and disappear in the west as earth orbited the sun in its normal counter clockwise orbit. In the reverse orbit before this the stars would appear more and more from the west each night. Thus "the stars in their courses fought against Sisera" was like a turnpike that did not let Sisera through.
Septuagint Judges 5:20 "The stars from heaven set themselves in array, they set themselves to fight with Sisara out of their paths."
This Greek verse may suggest the five planets were also seen to be out of place that night in Israel as they were seen in conjunction in Fang/Libra in China that night in king Wan's dream.
Judges 5:31 "So let all thine enemies perish, O LORD: but let them that love him be as the sun when he goeth forth in his might."
The reference to 2 Kings 20:9-11 may be correct. The sun must rise in the west and set in the east for Hezekiah. Thus 180° of sky are represented by 10 steps.
Thus Hezekiah's sign was similar to the Sabbaton the disciples rested - the sabbaton was a Friday night of seven nights and the sun descended from the west to set in the east that Saturday. Perhaps that night was 36 hours longer. Perhaps the sun stood still that Saturday noon for 24 hours as it revolved around the earth 360° and was like Joshua's long day. Then that Saturday, daylight, would last 36 hours. I do not know how long the day lasted Saturday, April 4, 33 AD. It could have been a long day, a 12 hour day, or a few hours of daylight. Nevertheless, probably the sun rose in the west and set in the east that day. Then the sun set in the east, then rose in the east suddenly and brilliantly that resurrection Sunday morning. The resurrection may be likened to the healing of the seven fold sun suddenly ascending from the east. Thus the shadow would both go backwards then forward 10 steps = 180 degrees. Thus Hezekiah may have been healed by a sevenfold sun at sunrise, after three days of darkness and the sun rising in the west and setting in the east, a sign of the resurrection. Thus Joshua's long day was very similar. There is the possibility Hezekiah's Sign was in 703 BC, probably with the same pattern of sun miracles as leading up to Jesus' resurrection. Thus the reference to II Kings 20 works.
Herodotus, a Greek historian, wrote that the Egyptian priests reported:
"Thus the whole number of years [of early Egyptian history] is 341 pharaohs, in which entire space, they said, no god had ever appeared in a human form; nothing of this kind had happened either under the former or under the later Egyptian kings. The sun, however, had within this period of time, on four several occasions, moved from his wonted course, twice rising where he now sets, and twice setting where he now rises. Egypt was in no degree affected by these changes; the productions of the land, and of the river, remained the same; nor was there anything unusual in the diseases or the deaths."
The History of Herodotus, chapter 2
Herodotus also wrote that no reversal of sunrise occurs during the sothis cycle. This may indicate that the sun rose in the west and set in the east the year of the Exodus Friday, March 30, 1281 BC at the end of the 1460 year sothis cycle. Then from 148 AD the end of the Sothis cycle was symbolized by the Phoenix on coins minted. The Sothis cycle really ended 1460 years in 180 AD. The appearing of Sirius 4:15 AM July 19 should have ended the cycle in 1450 years in 169 AD.
There was a coin struck in Alexandria in 138 BC in the reign of Antoninus Pius. Some had estimated the new sothis cycle should begin then. However, the Egyptians had lost track of time and this was an estimation. There was a coin minted in Antioch with the Phoenix on the face, Constantius II AE3. 348-350 AD. Perhaps Phoenixes appeared in these years.
Nevertheless, the sun was said to have rose in the west and set in the east seven days before the great flood of Noah in year 600 of the sothis cycle. The Aral Sea may be the site of the great flood of Noah. A great lake formed there briefly about 3500 BC.
Aralkum - a man - made desert, p.18
If Terah's death in year sothis 205 was when Abraham was 75 in 2532 BC. Then the new sothis cycle 205 + 2532 = 2737 BC not 2741 BC. Isaac would also be 75 when Abraham died at 175 years.
Or the Egyptian sothis cycle began again in 2741 BC. Then perhaps the sothis cycle was from 4198 BC 1457 years to 2741 BC. Then year 600 of the Flood would be 3598 BC.
Then also the sojourn into Egypt would be 2312 BC in the 430th sothis year from 2741 BC, Then the sojourn into Egypt would be 1030 years and the sothis cycle end at the full 1460 years from 2741 BC to 1281 BC.
Genesis 5:30 "And Lamech lived after he begat Noah five hundred ninety and five years, and begat sons and daughters:
5:31 And all the days of Lamech were seven hundred seventy and seven years: and he died."
The "after" years of 595 years may have foretold the birth of Chirst in 3,595 years from Lamech's death in 3602 BC to Jesus' birth in 7 BC.
Probably one of the first sothis cycles was from 4197 BC, and Adam born in the earlier sothis cycle year 800. Then also there may have been an even earlier Sothis cycle in Armenia from 3595 years Before Christ's birth in 7 BC; back another 3,595 years to 7197 BC or the Armenian date of 5818 BC - 1460 = 7278 BC, less 80 years.
Sirius was observed by 7000 BC in Armenia. Year 595 of Lamech may also mean 3,595 years before Jesus was born as it would mean 3,595 years to Jesus' birth. This may be the halfway point from 7197 BC.
The Armenian calendar began in 5818 BC. Thus Adam born at year 800 would be born 5,000 years before Christ. 5818 BC - 1460 years is 4358 BC. Then to adjust to the Egyptian sothis cycle, 161 years must be added to get 4197 BC.
Genesis 5:18 "And Jared lived an hundred sixty and two years, and he begat Enoch:"
Likewise, Lamech died in year 777 which is also year 595, 3602 BC. 4197 BC - 595 years = 3602 BC. Then 4358 BC - 777 years + 20 years to adjust from the first appearing of Sirius July 23 Armenian to July 17 Egyptian (5 days X 4 = 20 years) = 3602 BC. Sirius first appeared in Armenia five days after first appearing in Egypt because Armenia is 10 degrees further north. Thus Sirius appears later in Armenia. Thus to adjust from the Armenian calendar to the Egyptian calendar, the Armenian calendar would lose 20 years. Also, if the five left over days are moved from preceeding the Sothis day to following the Sothis day, 20 years must be added or subtracted to get to the new year's date. Thus Lamech died in year 777 from the old Armenian Sothis cycle 4379 BC = 3602 BC; which is equal to year 595 in the Egyptian Sothis cycle 4197 BC. 4197 BC - 595 years = 3602 BC.
If you multiply three years of days, add to Jesus' sacrifice in 33 AD and add this 162 years, you get 1290 AD which was about the time my ancestors became christian from being Jewish. I like to think they became christian willingly. Nevertheless, I am thankful that in 1290 AD all Jews had to become christian or leave England. Thus, 700 years later led to my coming to Gospel meeting and to choosing to walk with Jesus. This means everything to me now and how much more for eternity?
Ancient people may have understood earth rotates to produce day and night. Then when the sun rose in the west, stood still, and set in the east, to rise suddenly in the east; God had moved the sun at terrific speeds. Also, Joshua expected the sun rising in the west to set in the east in 12 hours. He may have understood after setting in the east the sun would suddenly and brilliantly rise in the east for a short day. He needed a long day to get the victory. Thus Joshua's prayer to God for the sun to stand still.
"[99 BC] When C. Murius and L. Valerius were consuls, in Tarquinia, there fell in different places...a thing like a flaming torch, and it came suddenly from the sky. Toward sunset, a round object like a globe, or round circular shield took its path in the sky, from west to east."
"[90 BC] In the territory of Spoletium (65 Roman miles north of Rome, in Umbria) a globe of fire, of golden colour, fell to the earth, gyrating. It then seemed to increase in size, rose from the earth, and ascended into the sky, where it obscured the disc of the sun, with its brilliance. It revolved towards the eastern quadrant of the sky [Harold T. Wilkins, Flying Saucers on the Attack, pp.164-69]"
There is a long list of very bright objects, brighter than the sun, Mysteries of the Unexplained, p.207.
Then perhaps at times a bright angel, or even God, brighter than the sun, may appear to rise in the west at night. This may seem to suggest what was recorded was an angel and not the sun. However, the brilliant phoenix flew to the sun to move it when there was a sun miracle. Thus this may be the sun ascending from the west to the east. Nevertheless, there is no turning back when we see the bright light of God.
Acts 26:13 "At midday, O king, I saw in the way a light from heaven, above the brightness of the sun, shining round about me and them which journeyed with me."
If the earth stopped or reversed its rotation, the problems are immense. If you stop the earth from rotating, you must then start it rotating again. If the earth slowed in its rotation one minute in a 24 hour period, the oceans at the equator would drop 800 feet. If the earth stopped rotating, dry land would ring the equator. If the earth stopped rotating for 24 hours there would be 24 hours of missing time. If the sun revolved around the earth 360° there would again be 24 hours of missing time. If the sun moved halfway around the earth in a series of 4 sun miracles there would be no net missing time. No evidence left. The word for - So the sun stood still in the "midst" of heaven - is literally half, "from the half of heaven". Of the 126 times it is used in the Bible, 108 times it is translated as "half" and 8 times as "midst". If you are counting on the stars of heaven as your guide, the only way the sun can stand still from the half of heaven is if the sun revolved around the earth to the other half of heaven. That night Israel would see stars from the other half of heaven.
If the sun moved not 360° but 180° the seasons would change. Earth would flow into a reverse orbit of the sun and must shift on its axis or the sun must move up or down as well as moving the 180° to keep in the same season, unless on the vernal or autumn equinox. Very likely the sun moved up or down after moving the 180° and the orbits of the planets tilted with the sun and no pole shift was necessary. Simply, the sun must move to the path of the zodiac. If the sun moved 180° from Capricornus to Gemini, the sun must move up to Gemini, yet the height of the sun on earth would appear as if it was in Capricornus. Therefore, the sun must move six signs to the exact sixth zodiac sign and earth would keep in the same season. The path of the zodiac would be the same only halfway removed and moving in reverse. Therefore, earth would not see any more or less stars, only a summer sky in winter. The earth would not need to shift on its axis to keep in the same season. This works so perfectly and exactly I am surprised no one has discovered the perfectness of earth in a reverse orbit.
If the sun moved 180° west the night of February 16, 1241 BC to rise suddenly in the east in the morning of February 17, 1241 BC the sun must move down to keep the same inclination to earth. Then earth would keep in the same season. The sun may simply keep its inclination to earth as it travelled around earth. Perhaps the sun moved along the exact same zodiac path, only in reverse. We can be sure the sun's inclination to earth was kept. Orbital Variations and Insolation Database (search and read up on it under "orbital variations" or "insolation database") show the seasons and the sun's intensity did not change. This model leaves no evidence. If the sun moved up or down after moving 180° to keep earth in the same season, there would be no affect on the earth. Earth must orbit the same distance from the sun in the same elliptical orbit it would have. Earth must be let to rotate exactly as it would have. Thus earth's orbit must have been carefully managed to leave no biological trace.
The following record was not a record of a solar eclipse:
"From yi-mao (day 52) to early next morning there was fog, then three flames ate the sun, big stars were seen."
A total solar eclipse passed through Yin March 4, 1250 BC on day 53 not day 52. Neither is this the correct day. The total solar eclipse June 5, 1302 BC, was the following day, Day 53 not day 52. Neither can this be the correct day.
From Xueshun Liu:
"As for the inscription that appears in the picture below, you cited two translations. The first one has translated the first four characters as "On the 7th day of the month, a chi-szu day (last quarter moon)..." The second one translates those characters as "At the time period from the night of the seventh day jisi (day 6) ..." It appears that the second translation is correct because of two reasons. First, there is no character yue, 'month' among those four characters. If there is no yue, how could one be sure it was the seventh day of the month? The phrase "seventh day" only means day jisi was the seventh day from whichever day they started counting. Second, if jisi indeed is the seventh day of the month, it should be the first quarter of the month. That's the principle of Chinese lunar calendar.
Therefore, the translation "the 7th day of the month (last quarter moon)" is wrong. Without more information from the inscription, it is not possible to determine to which quarter of the moon day jisi belong.
Now, let's turn to eclipses. First, "Three flames ate (time word) the sun, and a great star was seen" in your email quoted below and "The first record of a solar prominence has been found in a tortoise shell inscription, which describes "three suddenly bursting fires eating a chunk of the sun", which appears on the web site http://www.china.org.cn/e-gudai/6.htm cited in your email yesterday, refer to the same inscription. It is not considered a record of solar eclipse by experts in early Chinese astronomy and early Chinese history.
When I was a Ph.D student in China and in UBC, my advisors include scholars at Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, which is the most prestigious academic institution in China, Prof. Keightley at UC Berkely, Prof. Takashima at UBC, and Prof. Pankenier at Lehigh University. I also have friends at Chinese Academy of Sciences. All these scholars do not think that inscription is a record of eclipse."
If the Exodus was Friday, March 30, 1281 BC, then the new moon was March 13, 1281 BC. The beginning of the previous lunar month may have been the three days of darkness, February 14, 1281 BC, day 52 of cycle 60 in China. February 15, 3598 BC is on the same date as the first month, first of the year, in the year of Noah's flood in Sothis year 600 from 4197 BC. - The flood March 30, 3598 BC is the same sothis date March 30 of the Sojourn into Egypt and the Exodus out of Egypt. The Egyptian calendar backs up a day every four years because it did not have leap year. Then the beginning of the year had backed up 600/4 = 150 days from July 16. However, 150 days from the flood Saturday, March 30, 3598 BC is August 28, 3598 BC, which was the 17th lunar day of the seventh month.
Genesis 8:4 "And the ark rested in the seventh month, on the seventeenth day of the month, upon the mountains of Ararat."
The new moon would be February 14, 1281 BC and day 52 of cycle 60. Then this must be the time of the three days of darkness in Exodus. Thus the Chinese waited three whole days, 3 X 24 hours, for the sun to rise and thus grew hungry when the sun revolved around the earth 3 X 360° keeping Egypt and China in darkness. Even China would see the sun stand still, and China in darkness or early dawn twilight, before the dawn position 72 hours. Thus the Chinese would see the stars pass out of view then into view three times that night. Thus three flames ate the sun. Thus the word ate is a time word. Then this does not describe an eclipse. Then these experts in Chinese astronomy are 100% correct. I commend them for telling the truth.
"Inquiry made on day ren-ji (49th day of cycle): Will the sun have zhi on day jia-yin." (51st day or two days later)
The Chinese may have tried to predict the return of the sun about 180 days later, thus on about the same day of 60.
"The divination was on day jen-tzu . There was a chih of the sun on day chia-yin "
Likewise, the Chinese may have tried to predict the return of the sun about 180 days after the first sun miracle. This may have been February 13, 1281 BC. The sun may revolve around the earth seven times eastward if the sun blazed, chih, from the east westward 180° in the first three times, then on the fourth time returned revolving around the sun 3 + 4 = 7 X 180°. The sun suddenly rising in the east like Phaethon. Thus this model can explain the Chinese reckoning and no net missing time. Thus eclipse paths were the same before and after the sun miracles as we would project them to be from today.
If the day 7 was a chia-tzu day, last quarter moon, this could be a sun miracle on the day the children of Israel crossed the Red Sea, perhaps seven days after the Exodus. Thus perhaps the reason earth was described as being upsidedown.html and the hours disordered after the plagues and devestation ending in the Exodus out of Egypt, because earth was in a reverse orbit.
The date of Pharaoh Mernaptah's death is placed at about May 2, 1203 BC by contemporary sources. This would give the Israelites a month to march 350 miles to Aqaba from Ramesses. However, the crossing must have been before the fifteenth of the second month. See Exodus 16. This means they must have crossed the Red Sea in less than one month, that is, before the fifteenth day of the second month, April 27, 1281 BC. May 2, 1203 BC is the 10th day of the lunar month. April 24, 1281 BC is also the tenth day of the lunar month.
See the eclipse path. From Five Millennium of Solar Eclipses, NASA. The star is about where Yin was. Thus this was a total eclipse in that location as the graph states. This may make the solar eclipse the earliest dateable solar eclipse. The argument that no record of a solar eclipse has been found to date before Joshua's Long Day is defeated. There was a new moon on Bingshen day 53 in Wu's first year as emperor. Fourth month, May 19, 1173 BC was the new moon on day 53. This would be Wu's thirteenth year when the kingdom became established. For the Chinese to consider day 53 Bingshen a superstitious day, there must have been a total solar eclipse within recent memory on that date. King Wan would have taken note of it. This and the first year 1251 BC when Wending replaced Wu Yi and the solar eclipse in Wending's first year suggest the Chinese recorded the solar eclipse on day 53, March 4, 1250 BC. Then the argument that no interfering event such as Joshua's Long Day can be detected without an earlier solar eclipse date is defeated. Thus, knowing that eclipse paths were where we would expect them to be, even projecting to before Joshua's long day, this model is necessary and explains how there can be long days yet no missing time. This explains how the solar system can be put back in place as if nothing happened.
Before the third month, would be the when Joshua fought Amalek:
There may have been another sun miracle in 1281 BC, when Moses held up his hands at sunset. Earth cannot keep flowing into and out of reverse orbits before the half orbit point. Then perhaps if there was a sun miracle at the Red Sea, the sun revolved 360° around the earth and earth's orbit was not changed till Joshua's battle with Amalek.
Exodus 17:1 "And all the congregation of the children of Israel journeyed from the wilderness of Sin, after their journeys, according to the commandment of the LORD, and pitchedH2583 in Rephidim: and there was no water for the people to drink."
H2583 ch-ana-h, khaw-naw'
A primitive root (compare H2603); properly to incline; by implication to decline (of the slanting rays of evening); specifically to pitch a tent; generally to encamp (for abode or siege): - abide (in tents), camp, dwell, encamp, grow to an end, lie, pitch (tent), rest in tent.
This battle must have been before the third month, perhaps on the twenty-first of the second lunar month about May 3, 1281 BC.
Exodus 17:12 "But Moses' hands were heavy; and they took a stone, and put it under him, and he sat thereon; and Aaron and Hur stayed up his hands, the one on the one side, and the other on the other side; and his hands were steady until the going down of the sun."
Then one year later the sun must return. The season of first ripe grapes is in the month of May/June in Israel. Thus, Joshua may have returned from spying out the land and bringing the cluster of grapes one year after Joshua's battle with Amalek:
Numbers 14:9 "Only rebel not ye against the LORD, neither fear ye the people of the land; for they are bread for us: their defenceH6738 is departed from them, and the LORD is with us: fear them not."
H6738, tse-l, tsale.
From H6751; shade, whether literally or figuratively: - defence, shade (-ow).
Thus Joshua may have expected the sun to return one year later, and God to give them an extended day at noon to conquer Palestine. May 3, 1281 BC was day 10 out of cycle 60. Saturday, April 27, 1280 BC was also day 10 of cycle 60. Then the Saturday before the Manna fell may have been the crossing of the Red Sea, Or April 27, 1281 BC was Joshua's battle against Amalek and one year later April 27, 1280 BC day 10 of 60 was the 40th day of the passover when the spies returned and Joshua said, "Let us go up at once" and there was a sun miracle when the sun must return one year later that to the Chinese was like an eclipse.
"Divined on day guiyou : (Charge:) The Sun was eclipsed in the evening; we should report it to [ancestor] Shang Jia." Heji, 33695
Or possibly this record was for the tenth day of the lunar month April 24, 1281 BC and this was the darkness of the Egyptians till the children of Israel crossed the Red Sea.
Or the sun may have stood still for Moses and Joshua Saturday May 12, 1281 BC. When the sun returned one year later May 12, 1280 BC is day 25 of 60 and may be the day 25 when there was a zhi blemish in the sun.
"Divined on day wuzi : (Charge:) The Sun has a blemish, this should perhaps be reported to the [Lord of the Yellow] River.
Then the sun must return the day after the day of Pentecost - the celebration of Harvest, May 12, 1280 BC.
There is the possibility this next oracle bone is from the same reign of Wending. Thus the similar Heji numbers: Heji 11506 and Heji 11503b. Even they may both occupy a part of the same oracle bone or date from the same time and thus were found together. Perhaps Wending the successor of Wu Yi was afraid of Omens from Heaven that gave him the throne and inscribed this oracle bone on the night of the Exodus 45 days after the three days of darkness. On the Exodus, day 37 of 60, - day 7 of the 10 day week - Friday, March 30, 1281 BC, there may have been an hour of darkness at noon Egypt time, like the hour of darkness when Jesus was on the cross and noon Friday April 3, 33 AD. Darkness at noon in Egypt would mean a sudden darkness at sunset in China. This inscription is an example of the Chinese day starting in the evening after sunset which is important in correctly dating the lunar eclipse in king Wan's 35th year:
"At the time period from the night of the seventh day jisi (day 6) there was (a) big new star that was seen beside Huo Antares."
The full moon would be moving toward Antares on day 7 cycle 60 (37), March 30, 1281 BC. The Exodus, March 30, 1281 BC day 37 - could be counted as day 7 of the 10 day week. Thus this could describe a sun miracle on day 7 of the 10 day week. April 29, 1281 BC would be day 7 of cycle 60:
Exodus 17:12 "But Moses' hands were heavy; and they took a stone, and put it under him, and he sat thereon; and Aaron and Hur stayed up his hands, the one on the one side, and the other on the other side; and his hands were steady until the going down of the sun."
The last quarter moon ended on a Saturday May 12, 1281 BC. This may be the time of this battle Joshua fought against Amalek. Antares would rise in the east at the time the sun set in the west. Then at the time of sunset in Israel, Antares would be at midsky in China, the night half over and sunrise in six hours. Only the sun moved 180° east to stand still in the Egyptian western sky. Thus the sun did not rise in six hours on China. It rose in 18 hours. Then the Chinese sacrificed to Antares the Fire star when the sun finally rose.
See Mechanics problems in geodynamics oracle bones. - "Three flames ate the sun"
This May 3, 1281 BC, if this is an Egyptian fixed date of Merneptah's death to May 3 of any year, would be back from May 3, 144 days + 144 days + July 17 - the appearing of Sirius. Or simply 77 days back from July 16. Thus Sirius did not appear for the 77 days from May 3 to July 16.
Wu Yi died in 1251 BC: "The king was hunting between the Ho and the Wei, when he was frightened to death by a great thunderstorm." in his 35th year.
The Chinese Classics III, The Annals of the Bamboo Books, p.138
Thunderstorms occur frequently in January in China. January 14, 1251 BC was the new moon and a kea-tsze day, day 1 of cycle 60. It was prophesied on a kea-tsze day when there was a sun miracle, omen:
"In his (Te-sin) 22nd year, in winter, he had great hunting along the Wei." "On the kea-tsze day, in the last month of Autumn, a red bird came to Fung..My ancestor, the recorder Ch'ow, divined once for Yu about hunting; and then he met with Kaou-yaou, - from an omen like that which has now occurred."
The date of the total solar eclipse in the first year of King Wending, March 4, 1250 BC, confirms the chronology given here and the February 15, 1240 BC date of the sun miracle of king Wan's dream in Wending's 12th year. Thus Wending reigned from 1251 BC and his 12th year in 1240 BC. The emphasis of day 53 and an omen in emperor Wu's first year as emperor also on day 53.
Thus this could not be the total eclipse June 5, 1302 BC. June 5, 1302 BC was the following day, Day 53, Bingshen. Likewise March 4, 1250 BC is on day 53 Bingshen and not day 52. The three days of darkness in the nineth plague of Egypt was the new moon, day 52, February 14, 1281 BC. Thus the record "three flames ate the sun" on day 52 was not a solar eclipse but was a sun miracle. This confirms the chronology given here.
"In his (Wending) 11th year, (1241 BC) Ke-leih attacked the hordes of E-t-oo, and having taken their three great chiefs, came with them to court to report his victory. The king put Ke-leih to death."
The Chinese Classics III, The Bamboo Annals, P.138
This was the year of the sun miracle of the fall of Jericho and Joshua's long day. The sun miracle may have made Wending jealous of Ke-leih, so he put him to death.
King Wan's dream February 15, 1240 BC was when he was middle aged and in battle against King Wending. Then from Wending's 12th year 1240 BC would be king Wan's first year when phoenixes appeared on mount K'e half an orbit after Joshua's long day, August 24, 1241 BC.
"In Wending's 12th year, phoenixes collected on mount K'e." Note: This was the first year of king Wan.
The Chinese Classics. p.138.
Thus these phoenixes are the same as the phoenixes in king Wan's dream, February 15, 1240 BC.
Phoenixes may have been seen with the setting sun on China that stood still at noon for the battle of Merom. The Phoenix was the large fire bird angel that flew to the sun to carry it to the other side of earth. Thus king Wan may have had more light to fight the Shang dynasty that day. All because God made the day longer for Joshua to fight the battle of Merom that day.
"35th year of king Wen of Zhou, 1st month, day bingzi 13, during worship of the full moon the king announced, 'The many...eclipses are untimely, you should begin planning for the succession.'"
Yi Zhou shu. Xiao kai jie. ch.17
This must not be the lunar eclipse visible just after sunset in China September 23, 1205 BC on day 13 of cycle 60 the first month beginning in September. Rather this must be day 13 of the lunar month. Thus worship of the full moon would be on day 15, and a lunar eclipse cannot happen on day 13 of the Chinese lunar month. Lunar eclipses can only occur on lunar day 15 of the Chinese month. Thus it was thought by king Wan to be untimely because it was on day 13 when lunar eclipses are always on Chinese lunar day 15. King Wan was right, and this was not a lunar eclipse, this was a sun miracle. King Wan believed sun miracles showed his appointment of Heaven to be emperor and start a new dynasty. This day 13 was of the 60 day cycle and not the lunar day. Thus, the reason king Wan stated a lunar eclipse was untimely may have been he mistook day 13 of cycle 60 to be day 13 of the lunar month. Perhaps 13 was a superstitious number to the Chinese. This record of a lunar eclipse in September 23, 1205 BC was the 36th year, and not the 35th year, since Joshua conquered at the battle of Merom, February 15, 1240 BC, one year after the fall of Jericho, February 17, 1241 BC. Three times in Judges it states the land had rest 40 years - the same 40 years from Joshua's long day. There must be a sun miracle six months before, November 16, 1206 BC, November 16, 1207 BC for the sun to move back one year later. Perhaps there was a sun miracle half an orbit after November 16, 1207 BC, May 9, 1206 BC. Thus this second sun miracle lunar day 13 May 9, 1206 BC would be reason for king Wan to think he had the appointment of Heaven. Then the lunar eclipse on day 13 of cycle 60, September 23, 1205 BC a year later, would give king Wan reason to declare there were too many eclipses, that these were signs from heaven for a new dynasty.
These are the same forty years from Joshua's first year in 1241 BC:
Judges 3:11 "And the land had rest forty years. And Othniel the son of Kenaz died."
Judges 5:31 "So let all thine enemies perish, O LORD: but let them that love him be as the sun when he goeth forth in his might. And the land had rest forty years."
Judges 8:28 "Thus was Midian subdued before the children of Israel, so that they lifted up their heads no more. And the country was in quietness forty years in the days of Gideon."
Deuteronomy 31:10 "And Moses commanded them, saying, at the end of every seven years, in the solemnity of the year of release, in the feast of tabernacles,
11 When all Israel is come to appear before the LORD thy God, in the place he shall choose, thou shalt read this law before all Israel in their hearing."
Joshua 24:14 "Now therefore fear the LORD, and serve him in all sincerity and truth: and put away the gods your fathers served on the other side of the flood, and in Egypt, and serve ye the LORD.
15 And if it seem evil for you to serve the LORD, choose you this day whom ye will serve; whether the gods which your fathers served that were on the other side of the flood, or the gods of the Amorites, in whose land ye dwell: but as for me and my house we will serve the LORD.
The 35th year of Wan was the seventh sabbath fallow year. The feast of tabernacles was in this September on this full moon of the lunar eclipse. Perhaps this was when Joshua gathered Israel together and spoke in Joshua 24 when he was old and nearly 110 years old. This may be a time of a sun miracle, a sign from Heaven to seal the covenant. Thus, the lunar eclipse would be a further sign of heaven king Wan took to declare to the Shang Emperor: "you should be planning for the succession".
The lunar eclipse September 23, 1205 BC is from NASA's Five Millennium Canon of Lunar Eclipses.
From January 7 day 5 1500 BC. So day 60 was January 2, 1500 BC. So subtract 1500-1205, multiply by 365.25, delete the remainder after the dot, divide by 60, multiply after the . dot the remainder X 60, add to January 2 and continue to September 23, subtract all the 60's, and you get day 13 of 60:
1500-1205=295, X365.25=107748.75; 107748/60=1795.8; .8X60=48; From January 2; 48+29+28+31+30+31+30+31+31+23=312; 5X60=300, 312-300=12. The following day was day 13! The day was counted from sunset, so this lunar eclipse occurred on day 13.
Nevertheless this September 23, 1205 BC eclipse cannot be the event described by king Wan either.
Te-sin's first year was 1227 BC. "In his 3d year a sparrow produced a hawk." - at the end of the fourteenth year of Joshua, the seventh year of release when the law was to be read. Perhaps there was a sun miracle on this seventh year and the hawk was really the phoenix. Josephus wrote that Joshua lived to the 20th year since the conquest. So, Joshua may have made the declaration of Joshua 24 in the fourteenth year.
In the time of Hwang-te, there had been a prophesy to the effect that 'the chief of the west should become king in a certain kea-tze year'."
The Chinese Classics
"In his 22nd year, in winter, he had great hunting along the Wei." "On the kea-tsze day, in the last month of Autumn, a red bird came to Fung..My ancestor, the recorder Ch'ow, divined once for Yu about hunting; and then he met with Kaou-yaou, - from an omen like that which has now occurred."
The sun miracle must have occurred in Te-sin's 22nd year, November 16, 1206 BC, the year before king Wan made this statement "eclipse is untimely" perhaps because of the sun miracle just previous the lunar eclipse in 1205 BC. This kea-tsze day is day one. November 16, 1206 BC is day one of cycle sixty and the new moon and the 22nd year of Te-sin. November 16 is also the 45th day since the autumn equinox about September 30 at that time in 1206 BC, the last day of Chinese autumn, and the 90th day of autumn. A solar eclipse can occur on the new moon. However, there were no solar eclipses visible from China in those years or dates. Then his 23rd year was in 1205 BC when king Wan was imprisoned, just after his declaration, "eclipse is untimely" because also there was a sign from Heaven, sun miracle, the year before. Perhaps a sun miracle the lunar day 13, then the lunar eclipse on day 13 of cycle 60, September 23, 1205 BC a year later were too much. King Wan felt compelled to declare his mandate from heaven.
"In his 29th year he liberated the chief of the west, who was met by many of the princes, and was escorted back to Ch'ing."
This 29th year was 1200 BC and was the 42nd year from Joshua's conquest and was in the seventh year of release when a sun miracle could be expected. King Wan may have been liberated because of a sun miracle that year. From 1240 BC to 1200 BC Israel had rest. Then they became captive. A sun miracle could be expected in this 29th year, 1200 BC, a sign to Israel of God's displeasure in sending them into captivity and so soon after Joshua admonished them. So, at the sun miracle meant for Israel's captivity, the same sun miracle in China meant king Wan's release.
From this NASA's Web page: "The validity and predictive power of this equation are well documented and can be seen every day: a recent example is the lunar eclipse that was visible to much of the world last Sunday. This calculation would not cover any time before the present, so some missing day many centuries ago, if it had occurred, could not be uncovered with this method."
You will see here the lunar eclipse of September 23, 1205 BC in king Wan's 35th year appears to date king Wan's dream 34 years back to 1239 BC. However this sun miracle record rather May 9, 1206 BC, dates king Wan's first year from February 15, 1240 BC. Seeing that both a sun miracle on May 9, 1206 BC and the lunar eclipse on September 23, 1205 BC were both on day 13, these may have been too much for king Wan. And thus his statement. And thus the first sun miracle on May 9, 1206 BC was in his 35th year. Nevertheless, his statement was after the lunar eclipse September 23, 1205 BC. Using the simple orbital mechanics demonstrated here, dates Joshua's long day to August 24, 1241 BC. This lunar eclipse occurred Sunday night, March 24, 1997, the day before this NASA page was written. The predictive power works backwards just as well as forwards. A solar eclipse March 4, 1250 BC day 53 is evidence Joshua's long day August 24, 1241 BC left no lasting effect on orbits. All was controlled allowing the long days and leaving no trace. All lunar eclipses do not match king Wan's 35th year on day 13 of 60. Even September 23, 1205 BC. Day 13 was a lunar date, not a day of 60. Thus lunar eclipses do not occur on Chinese day 13, but on Chinese day 15.
Let's do the math: 1500 BC - 1065 BC = 435, 435 X 365.25 = 158883.75 notice the .75, one fraction more and this is day 14 for sure. 158883/60 = 2648.05, .05 X 60 = 3, 3 plus the 29 more days from January 2 to January 31, + 29 leap year, + 13 = 74 - 60 = 14. If the .75 day is not yet leap year, then this is still day 14 because the day begins with sunset.
The lunar eclipse date March 13, 1065 BC was on day 14 of 60 not because that year was leap year and the day following was day 15, but because the day 14 started at sunset the night of the lunar eclipse. The day was counted from sunset. So the night of March 13, 1065 BC is day 14, not day 13. 1065 BC is way off from the actual 35th year of king Wan.
Perhaps King Wan's dream was Saturday, February 15, 1240 BC, the same day as the battle of Merom in Joshua 11.
"King Wan dreamt that he was clothed with the sun and the moon. A phoenix duck sang on mount K'e. In the first month of spring, on the 6th day, the five planets had a conjunction in Fang. Afterwards a male and female phoenix went about Wan's capital with a writing in their beaks, which said: 'The emperor of Yin has no principle, but oppresses and disorders the empire. The great decree is removed: Yin cannot enjoy it longer. The powerful spirits of earth have left it; all the spirits are whistled away. The conjunction of the five planets in Fang brightens all within the four seas.'"
The Annals of the Bamboo Books, Part V the Dynasty of Chow p.143, The Chinese Classics.
Then Joshua's long day must have been Saturday, August 24, 1241 BC half an orbit earlier. Half an orbit earlier, 177 days, is also on the sixth day of the lunar month. Joshua's long day is often depicted on the six day moon for the moon to be visible with the noon day sun. Perhaps the moon and sun rose in the west that day. Then Joshua would be well aware of where the moon was, that is setting in the east.
Isaiah 45:6 "That they may know from the rising of the sun and from the shading, that there is none beside me. I am the LORD, and there is none else.
45:7 I form the light, and create darkness: I make peace, and create evil: I the LORD do all these things."
Isaiah 59:19 "So shall they fear the name of the LORD from the shading, and his glory from the rising of the sun. When the enemy shall come in like a flood, the Spirit of the LORD shall lift up a standard against him."
Joshua's victory August 24, 1241 BC may be connected to Jesus standing up to speak from Isaiah 61 in Luke 4 on the same day of the year, August 28, 29 AD on the first of the seventh month, the first month of the jubile. Jesus' real name is Joshua meaning Salvation. If you want Salvation come to Gospel Meeting.
These are hard cold facts and calculations. Even without the Missing Day Story the dates and calculations are the same. Then NASA's statement, that "this calculation would not cover any time before the present", when the event in Joshua 10:13 can be dated from such a lunar eclipse, is defeated. You can do the calculation yourself. If the sun moved back February 15, 1240 BC then the sun first moved to the other side of earth one year earlier, February 17, 1241 BC. If you have a globe you can simulate this. Move the sun to the other side of the globe. Now shift earth's axis by twisting the base to keep the same incline of the sun to earth. Now, half an orbit later you can shift the globe back by the same amount, the sun move back and the sun's inclination to earth is the same and earth can flow out of the reverse orbit of the sun. Only except for at the equinoxes there is a slight inequality of the number of days of the half orbit and half of a year. Even at the equinoxes there is a difference of missing time between the two half reverse orbits because earth's orbit is elliptical.
Thus with several days difference, 188 days to 177 days, this accounts for the missing 40 minutes in the 24 hour day applied to the half orbit. Earth did not shift, the sun moved up or down after moving to the other side of earth. Neverless, this allows the sun to move back and forth at the half orbit point. Even the planets can equally move back and forth 180° at the half orbit point and be where we would expect them at that time and position in the sky although the background stars are all different. Thus you can see the sun moving back travelling 5 X 180° east on Joshua's long day in the seventh month, seventh day for Joshua's long day August 24, 1241 BC, half an orbit after February 17, 1241 BC. Then to keep an even net 48 hours of long days that reverse orbit year, the sun must rise suddenly in the east moving 180° west for a negative 12 hours February 17, 1241 BC and August 24, 1241 BC the sun proceeded to rise in the west, stand still in the sky for 24 hours, then set in the east for 5 X 180° = +60 hours, then the sun rose suddenly in the east for a -12 hours; allowing for a long day of 12 more hours when the sun moved back at the battle of Merom, February 15, 1240 BC: -12 hours + 60 hours -12 hours + 12 hours = 48 hours.
The lunar eclipse on day 56, August 29, 1352 BC, was during King Wuding's reign further confirming the chronology of king Wen's first year in 1240 BC. "This was (August) the 12th month was the month of the Yin calendar. It was several months slower than our current calendar."
Thus the full moon of September 23, 1205 BC was the first month in this Yin calendar. However, the record describes the first month of spring April 26, 1206 BC.
"After seven days, at the time from jiwei (day 56) to gengshen (day 57), the moon was eclipsed." was wrongly given the date August 14, 1166 BC. August 14 was day 57. Between day 56 and day 57 was the eclipse. Thus for this to be the correct eclipse this should read between day 57 and day 58 the moon was eclipsed.
August 12, 1269 BC was on day 54 with .75 of a day so could be day 55. Xueshun Liu emailed me that it was a possibility because the night began with day 56. This eclipse may not have been visible from Anyang according to NASA's Lunar Eclipse Canon. Neither was this day the right day.
The lunar eclipse on August 29, 1352 BC was on day 56. This meets all requirements because between day 56 and day 57 was the lunar eclipse. So the night of August 29 day 56 was the eclipse then sunrise on day 57.
The Bamboo Book chronology adding two 60 year cycles to Wu in 1050 BC to Wu in 1174 BC: Thus you see Wuding/Woo-ting in 1352 BC and Wanting/Wending in 1251 BC and in Wending's 12th year 1240 BC:
"In the first month, the day jin-shin immediately followed the end of the moon's waning."
- the year Woo/Wu became emperor.
March 1, 1174 BC is day 29 and is the last waning of the moon. Importantly this day 29 of cycle 60 March 1, 1174 is when the moon was just becoming invisible a few days before it passed the sun.
The other date of day 29 January 27, 1122 BC the moon is appearing as a new moon. If it is now visible as a new moon how is it the last waning of the moon? Likewise 60 days later, March 26, 1122 BC, the moon is visible as a new moon also. 1050 BC cannot be the first year of Emperor Wu. Two cycles of 60 years are missing as is given in the text of the Chinese Classics. Wu is 120 years further back. 1122 BC cannot be the first year of the Zhou dynasty. Then Emperor Wu must have become emperor of China in 1174 BC.
There was a new moon on Bingshen day 53 in Wu's first year as emperor. Fourth month, May 19, 1173 BC was the new moon on day 53. This would be Wu's thirteenth year when the kingdom became established.
Jupiter was recorded to be in the Quail Fire constellation Leo just before Wu became emperor. Thus Jupiter is in Virgo/Leo in 1045 BC/1046 BC. Jupiter was in the Quail Fire constellation between Hydrae and Crateris in 1177 BC in Wu's nineth year. The sun passed through Hydrae and Crateris in September 1177 BC, with Jupiter appearing there before September and then after September. Then there was a sun miracle in Wu's nineth year as well:
"When King Wu was crossing the Ho, a white fish jumped into his boat in midstream. King Wu bent down and picked it up to use as a sacrifice. After crossing, there was a fire which came down which came down from above to the roof of the king's residence and transformed into a raven. Its colour was ochre. Its call went "P'o-p'o-p'o". At this time the feudal lords who met at Meng-chin without any prearrangement numbered eight hundred. The feudal lords all said, "Chow can be chastised!" King Wu said, "You do not know the heavenly mandate. He cannot be chastised as yet." Then he withdrew his troops and went home." 1177 BC.
The Grand Scribe's Records, Volume 1, p.60.
It was given his 3rd year as Emperor was the appointment of Heaven. Then three years later is this 1175 BC, and 1174 BC - in Wu's 12th year:
"In his 12th year the king led the tribes of the west and the princes to attack Yin, and defeated Show in the wilderness of Muh. He took with his own hand Show prisoner in the tower of Nan-tan; and entered into the participation of the bright appointment of Heaven (sun moon), setting up to continue the sacrifices of his ancestors, Luh-foo, the son of Show, known as Woo-kang. In summer, in the fourth month, he returned to Fung and sacrificed in the ancestral temple."
The Annals of the Bamboo Books, the Dynasty of Chow, p44
"At dawn of the chia-tzu day of the second month, King Wu arrived in the morning at Mu-yeh." And Wu defeated Chow. Wu moved his spear and there was a like sun miracle as there was for Lu Yang in 477 BC or 470 BC when the setting sun reversed three stalls. This sun miracle on the last quarter moon, and again a year later on the first quarter moon, is very like the fall of Jericho February 17, 1241 BC and the battle of Merom/king Wan's dream February 15, 1240 BC.
This may be the sun moving to the other side of earth, May 8, 1175 BC, the chia-tzu day - last quarter moon, rising before the sun in the second month. Then one year later the sun must move back, in sixth day of the third month - the sun miracle that day beginning the month on the fourth month, May 8, 1174 BC.
In Wu's 12th year (not 23rd year, Wu died in his 17th year) the new moon fourth month cyclical date was 37. Re submitted the vassels. Thus, they submitted because one year earlier, they were defeated. If you look at the character sun and moon together you might think this was the new moon. Sun and moon together mean bright, perhaps like the brilliant sun suddenly rising in the east. This was the Bright Appointment of Heaven - a sun miracle on day 37, gengzi. This appears to be day 37, May 8, 1174 BC the 50th day - feast of Pentecost in Israel. This was a year after sowing after the seventh year fallow year when the Barley would first appear again. Thus perhaps there was the appointment of Heaven, a sun miracle on the 50th day of Pentecost in Israel and the 37th day of 60 in China.
You can do the math: 1500 - 1174 = 326, 326 X 365.25 = 119071.5, 119071/60 = 1984.5166, .5166 X 60 = 31. January 7, 1500 BC was day 5. Thus there are 29 more days from January 2 day 60 1500 BC. 31 + 29 + 28 + 31 + 30 + 8 = 157, 157 - 120 = 37. Thus May 8, 1174 BC is day 37 and also the sixth day of the lunar month day 50 from the passover March 19, 1174 BC, Pentecost.
The characters for "bright appointment of Heaven" are sun and moon together which seem to mean a new moon. However, they may simply mean the sun and six day moon moved together, or stood still together, at sunset 180°. This could be a brilliant sun rise to sunset, the sun brightening sevenfold as it travelled swiftly across the sky with the moon half a sky behind it. Or this could be like king Wan's dream where the sun setting in the west stood still with the six day moon directly above for 12 hours as the sun and moon moved 180° while earth rotated in the 12 hours..
The Bamboo Books do not refer to the name emperor Wu, only to the recipient of the Mandate from Heaven from the portent May 8, 1174 BC. Thus there definitely was a sun miracle that day.
Please see The Bamboo Anals Revisited. Problems of Method in using the Chronicle as a Source for a Chronology of Early Zhou.
Joshua 6:15 "And it happened on the seventh day, they rose early, at the dawning of the day, and went around the city seven times."
7925 means to load up early. The same word also means shoulders. Thus the sun rising above the shoulders of the mountains in the east. 7837* is the word Ayin Lamed, which means to rise above to the point of declining. It can also mean God, El. The letter infront is Bet which means from. The next word 7837 is actually a different word and means to dawn. Thus the sun rising above the mountains is now directly from above and declining to the west. Thus this means a sudden "dawn". Also, the sun should proceed naturally to set in the west. The mountain shed a shadow over the town of Jericho on the summer solstice. The February 8, position of the sun 180° later, in the setting mountains to the northwest, may have been like the August 15, position until the sun moved down to keep earth in the same season. Thus the conquered city which may have been in awe of the solstice shadow may again be in awe February 17, 1241 BC. On the resurrection Sunday, April 5, 33 AD, the sun setting in the west over this mountain may have cast a shadow over Jericho because the sun had not yet moved down while it was moving to the other side of earth. The sun in a direct path would sail high above Jericho near the summer solstice position point as it had moved more than 90° by sunset to complete 180° before Monday sunrise. Thus the shadow of this mount of Temptation, could fall on Jericho. This mountain may have been the mount of Temptation when Jesus fasted forty days and was victorious over Satan August 28, 29 AD. Jesus also was victorious over death perhaps casting a shadow over the wicked city of Jericho.
This oracle bone may describe the China version of the sun moving at the fall of Jericho, if not the hour of darkness at the Exodus:
"At the time period from the night of the seventh day jisi (day 6) there was (a) big new star that was seen beside Huo Antares."
Then this day seven would be the last quarter moon, the last seven days, a chia-tzu day. The last quarter moon would be beside Antares that morning in China in February 17, 1241 BC. Perhaps the sun traveled 180° west. Then Antares may have been appeared directly overhead at sunset/dark in China. Before February 17, 1241 BC Jupiter would appear 15° above the sun as the sun set in the west. Jupiter would set one hour after the sun set. Then Jupiter in Pisces would move 180° to Libra. The sun would move 180° from the first part of Pisces to Virgo. Thus Jupiter, the brightest planet, would appear in Libra beside Antares. Then Jupiter could be the bright new star beside Antares. February 17, 1241 BC the sun was right on top of Mars. Thus this oracle bone if describing the sun miracle of February 17, 1241 BC, should not state a bright new star was seen beside Mars, which is red like the fire star Antares Huo, unless Mars did not move in unison with the sun. Nevertheless, if the sun suddenly moved and left Mars and Jupiter behind, Jupiter could appear beside Mars.
Archaeological diggs at Jericho have not found a layer of habitation for 1241 BC. Although they did for the city of Hazor for 1240 BC. God may not have left anything of Jericho that wicked city. Likewise God may not have left anything of Sodom or Gomorrah.
Joshua 6:24 "And they burnt the city with fire, and all that was therein: only the silver, and the gold, and the vessels of brass and of iron, they put into the treasury of the house of the LORD."
1 Kings 18:36 "And it came to pass at the time of the offering of the evening sacrifice, that Elijah the prophet came near, and said, LORD God of Abraham, Isaac, and of Israel, let it be known this day that thou art God in Israel, and that I am thy servant, and that I have done all these things at thy word.
18:37 Hear me, O LORD, hear me, that this people may know that thou art the LORD God, and that thou hast turned their heart back again.
18:38 Then the fire of the LORD fell, and consumed the burnt sacrifice, and the wood, and the stones, and the dust, and licked up the water that was in the trench."
God consumed even the stones. Therefore, God could leave no trace of Jericho, or Sodom or Gomorrah.
The fall of Jericho must have been marked by a sudden sunrise. Then earth flowed into a reverse orbit of the sun. Then half an orbit later, 188 days later, the sun rose in the west at the second watch at night about 11 PM in August 23, 1241 BC. This was the night Joshua was called to help Gibeon and the night Gideon was bidden of God to attack the Midianites. Then the battles. The sun was passing west to east and was at the noon position when Joshua asked God to make the sun and moon stand still. The first quarter moon rose before the sun in the west, and now was setting in the east. Thus Joshua asked that both the sun and moon stand still. The sun then revolved almost 360° around the earth to stand still in the sky for a whole day. Therefore the moon which was about to set in the east, stood still in the Ajalon valley. Afterwards, the sun also set in the east. Then brilliantly and suddenly rose in the east Sunday morning, August 25, 1241 BC. Earth had flowed out of a reverse orbit of the sun and now back into a reverse orbit of the sun. Then half a orbit later, February 15, 1240 BC, the sun revolved around the earth 180° with earth's rotation to stand still in the noon sky for 12 hours in the battle of Merom. Then earth flowed out of the reverse orbit of the sun. Earth's orbit was 100% normal, no trace was left. Even there was no net missing time. Solar eclipse paths were the same before and after as predicted by computer model. Orbits are well understood and can be projected forward or backward. And the interfering event has been uncovered here using simple orbit mechanics.
Jesus sent the twelve apostles into all the world to proclaim the light of Jesus' life just as the light of the sun lightens the 12 hour day 360° around the world. The sun standing still for Joshua for 24 hours was also like the eternal day of a saved eternity in Heaven.
You are invited to come and hear the Gospel and follow the Light of life, the lowly Jesus.
Joshua may have crossed the river Jordan Sunday, February 4, 1241 BC when the Jordan was in flood, the 10th day of the lunar month. The Jordan is naturally in flood in January. Then the manna ceased Monday, February 5, 1240 BC the next day. Then they ate of the fruit of the promised land. Then Joshua may have kept the passover, Thursday, February 8, 1241 BC. Then the walls of Jericho may have fallen on Saturday, February 17, 1241 BC.
Perhaps the sun rose suddenly in the east Saturday the seventh day, February 17, 1241 BC.
Joshua 6:12 "And Joshua rose early in the morning, and the priests bore the ark of Jehovah.
15 And it happened on the seventh day, they rose early, at the dawning of the day, and went around the city seven times.
20 And the people shouted, and blew with the trumpets, and it happened when people heard the sound of the trumpet, the people shouted a great shout. And the wall fell under it; and the people went up into the city, each man infront of him; and they captured the city."
Then half an orbit later at 11 PM Friday night, August 23, 1241 BC, at the sun may have rose in the west. Gideon attacked at the beginning of the second watch, Joshua went up all night to Gibeon. So by noon on Saturday, August 24, 1241 BC, the sun was passing west east over Gibeon where Joshua was fighting. Then Joshua may have asked God to make the sun stand still, the five day moon almost setting in the east. Then there may have been 24 extra hours of daylight that day. The new year in the seventh month is celebrated as the time Joshua conquered the five kings at Gibeon. Joshua's battle may have been on the sixth day moon. The new year on the 9th day moon. Then either the sun set in the west or the east. So Joshua may have fought on the sabbath, Saturday, August 24, 1241 BC. This same day Gideon may have fought the Midianites. Both were faint but pursuing:
Joshua 10:19 "And stay ye not, but pursue after your enemies, and smite the hindmost of them; suffer them not to enter into their cities: for the LORD your God hath delivered them into your hand."
Judges 8:4 "And Gideon came to Jordan, and passed over, he, and the three hundred men that were with him, faint, yet pursuing them."
Then perhaps Gideon returned before the sun suddenly ascended in the east Sunday, August 25, 1241 BC.
Joshua 10:29 "And Joshua passed on, and all Israel with him, from Makkedah to Libna. And he fought with Libna.
30 And Jehovah also gave it into the hand of Israel, and its king. And they struck it by the mouth of the sword, and every person in it; he did not leave a survivor in it. And he did to its king as he did to the king of Jericho.
32a And Jehovah gave Laschish into the hand of Israel and he captured it on the second day."
"as he did to the king of Jericho" may refer also to a like sudden sunrise in the east on the conquest of Jericho and like victory.
The sudden sunrise of Gideon may have been on the first day of the week, Sunday, August 25, 1241 BC, as it was when Jesus rose from the dead. Thus the second day of the week was the next day, the second day.
Judges 8:13 "And Gideon, the son of Joash, returned from battle at the ascent of the sun."
Likewise the sun may have suddenly rose on Jacob at the same place of Penuel:
Genesis 32:30 "And Jacob called the name of the place Peniel: for I have seen God face to face, and my life is preserved.
32:31 And as he passed over Penuel the sun rose upon him, and he halted upon his thigh."
Just after the sun had suddenly ascended in the east in Judges 8:13:
Judges 8:17 "And he beat down the tower of Penuel, and slew the men of the city."
Then the sun may have returned Saturday, February 15, 1240 BC and this be the six day moon of king Wan's dream in the first month of the Chinese Spring and the sun may have stood still 12 hours at noon. Thus all 48 missing hours of earth's sped up reverse orbit are countered; minus 12 hours February 17, 1241 BC, plus 60 hours August 24, 1241 BC, minus 12 hours August 25, 1241 BC, plus 12 hours February 15, 1240 BC = 48 hours. Perhaps the battle of Merom was fought on this day. Then the Israelites may have chased the Midianites into Syria, February 15, 1240 BC and this be the Assyrian Omen:
"If in Adar the sun stands still in the middle of noontime: the land will experience siege (and) misery."
The year before in February 17, 1241 BC was in Nissan. If a second month of Adar was added, February 15, 1240 BC, the next year, would be in the month of Adar. Then there would have been siege and misery as Joshua invaded Syria that day.
The new year began in September in Egypt as a countdown to redemption with the Passover March 30 - the end of the 430th year. The year end in sothis year 430 from the new sothis cycle in 2737 BC was Hebrew lunar day 14, April 1, 2307 BC. So the Exodus was the same day at the end of the 1460 year from 2741 BC, or 1456 years from 2737 BC - Sirius appeared to start the sothis cycle one day earlier from July 17 instead of July 16 = 4 years earlier, sothis cycle 1281 BC. Thus on July 17 1282 BC Sirius must have been visible at 4:15 AM to end the old sothis cycle. 2741 BC - 1460 = 1281 BC. Or 2737 BC - 1456 years = 1281 BC. Likewise Jesus began his ministry in Luke 4 on Rosh Hashanah August 28, 29 AD as a countdown to his crucifixion, resurrection and redemption for all two and a half years later. Then the first day of the Jewish Nation was when Joshua conquered Palestine on Joshua's long day between Rosh Hashana and Yom Kippur, August 24, 1241 BC.
Then the fortieth year was from March 30, 1281 BC to the twelfth lunar month of the 40th year, December 1241 BC.
Pharaoh Merneptah died May 2, 1203 BC according to contemporary sources. However, as seen here, Merneptah died in 1281 BC. Yet the Exodus March 30, 1281 BC to May 2, 1281 BC is 32 days. 14 days is too short a time to travel to Aqaba. 32 days is just long enough for the children of Israel to travel the rough terrain more than 350 miles from Ramesses to Aqaba where they may have crossed the Red Sea. May 2, 1281 would be II Shemu 10. April 2, 1281 BC would be I Shemu 10. Thus April 2, 1281 BC the children of Israel may have crossed the Reed Sea, I Shemu 10.
Below you will see two anchor dates, II Shemu 25, May 14, 1338 BC and IV Peret 12, December 30, 1332 BC. Every 19 years the lunar date will match the fixed Egyptian date. So add 76 years to May 14, 1338 BC and we have the solar eclipse June 14, 1414 BC = II Shemu 25. Likewise add 76 years to December 30, 1332 BC and we have the solar eclipse January 29, 1407 BC = IV Peret 12. Merneptah died a few months short of a full ten year reign beginning in July or June. His death could be in April.
See: Towards an Absolute Chronology for Ancient Egypt. William McMurray (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Here you see the two eclipse paths. Remember there is no year 0, and NASA Fortran counts a year 0. Then all dates are one year further back. You can see the solar eclipse of June 14, 1414 BC is visible at sunset in Egypt. Sunset is when most people would look at the sun. The solar eclipse of January 29, 1407 BC is visible at sunrise in Egypt. This is also when many people would be looking at the sun. Thus the Egyptian chronology must be moved 76 years further back, 4 X 19 years. Then we have some of the most ancient solar eclipse records. These also predate Joshua's long day. Thus eclipse dates before Joshua's long day are where we would expect them to be. This eclipse record for June 14, 1414 BC, II Shemu 25, as calculated here may be the earliest actual eclipse on record. The Five Millenium Canon of Solar Eclipses and Lunar Eclipses projecting to where they should be backward in time are completely correct.
Here you see the eclipse path for the solar eclipse April 11, 1411 BC, instead of March 13, 1335 BC. This is the 24 Peret IV year 5. Notice how the solar eclipse is visible from northern Egypt:
Notice how the 76 years work. There was 66 years for Ramses II and 10 years for Merneptah = the same 76 years. Thus from Merneptah's death estimated in 1205 BC, this works perfectly with 1281 BC 76 years earlier. This is why you will see the date of 1281 BC for Pharaoh Seti I's death in 1281 BC. Therefore the date of 1281 BC is correct for the date of the Exodus. Only the Pharaoh is Merneptah, not Seti I. There is the possibility of descent from pharaoh Akhenaten who declared there no gods, only the sun god. Only I believe in the One Living God, not the one sun god. Many people share this same ancestry with me from those who married out of the Jewish faith. There were several diasporas and many persecutions to cause Jews to marry out of their faith. This and the many children this line produced seems to me to cloud the evidence. Only this is a suggestion on my part. The common ancestor with king Tut is 4,900 years ago for some in the R1b1 Cohen project. Only for me and several others in the R1b1 Cohen group, the common ancestor suggested with King Tut is from about 3,100 years ago. Thus perhaps 3,400 years to King Tut. The common ancestor may be from an Egyptian man marrying a Hebrew woman from the generation when Moses was born because there were no Hebrew men left in that generation to marry. Pharaoh Seti I ordered the Hebrews to kill their new born sons. Only Moses escaped. This would tend to verify the contents of the letter from the King of Scotland to the Pope.
This chronology means the new sothis cycle began the year of the Exodus 1281 BC. This because II Shemu 25 was June 14, 1414 BC. IV Shemu must end July 16. Thus IV Shemu ended June 14 + 5 + 30 + 30 = August 17. 1414 BC. Then back from August 17 to July 16 is 33 days. 33 X 4 = 132 years. 1414 - 132 years = 1282 BC the year of the new sothis cycle. Thus the Exodus was the beginning of the new sothis cycle of 1460 years in Egypt.
Exodus 12:40 "Now the sojourning of the children of Israel, who dwelt in Egypt, was from the four hundred and thirty years.
12:41 And it came to pass at the end of the four hundred and thirty years, even the selfsame day it came to pass, that all the hosts of the LORD went out from the land of Egypt."
From the 430th sothis year with the first year 2737 BC and the 430th year 2307 BC. The end of the 430th year is the end of the Sothis cycle of 1460 years. Thus the Exodus was at the end of the sothis cycle, 2741 BC - 1460 years is 1281 BC. Or rather, 2737 BC - 1456 years = 1281 BC. The end of the year in the 430th of sothis was Friday April 1, 2307 BC. Thus the Exodus the night of Friday, March 30, 1281 BC the self same day.
The Exodus must have been Friday March 30, 1281 BC and the crossing of the Reed Sea three days later. However, the children of Israel may have crossed the Red Sea instead several days later.
The following are Egyptian records. They are based on the end of the sothis cycle to be 1320 BC which is 40 years earlier than the actual end of the sothis cycle 1281 BC. Also, the actual chronology is 76 years earlier than these dates. 76 + 40 / 4 = 29. Thus both the day of the same Egyptian 30 day month is the same and the lunar phase, 29.5 days, of that date is the same. Thus these prove Merneptah was the pharaoh of the Exodus:
See: Towards an Absolute Chronology for Ancient Egypt. William McMurray (email@example.com)
Brand: 3.70 Alabaster Stela of Seti I, Year 1 (Cairo CG 34501), p. 249 (276)
Thebes, Karnak Precinct of Amen-Re: "Erected opposite the Mansion of the Prince, at the Place of
Appearances of the Incarnation of Re, a rooftop shrine that served as the principle sanctuary of Re in
Karnak where the morning form of the sun god appeared."
Year 1, II Akhet 1
If Year 2 instead of 1: New moon, 8 Aug 1289 BC (I Akhet 29)?
The date should be 76 years earlier in 1365 BC. - should be the new moon on II Aket 1. The new moon for II Aket 1 is September 7, 1365 BC.
Brand: 3.128 Boundary Stela, Year 4, p. 319 (346)
Near Kurkur Oasis: Carved in sunk relief on a sandstone slab; portrays Seti I bowing before god
Khnum: "On this day, now His Majesty he is joyful at establishing the boundaries of Ta-Sety."
Year 4, III Peret 20
Full moon, 26 Jan 1286 BC - should be full moon February 26, 1362 BC.
Brand: 3.109 Rock Stela, Year 6, p. 296 (323)
Gebel Silsila East: Commemorates an expedition to quarry sandstone for building projects. Text
known only from 19th century copies, current location unknown.
Year 6, IV Akhet 1
Full moon, 7 Oct 1285 BC (III Akhet 30) - should be full moon 1361 BC November 7, 1361 BC.
Brand: 3.6 Stela of Ashahebused, Year 8 (No. 249), p. 135 (162)
Sinai, Serabit el-Khadim: Large, free standing stela set up on approach to Hathor shrine, made by an
official named Ashahebused, who made several expeditions to turquoise mines in the Sinai.
Year 8, I Peret 2
If Year 7 instead of 8: New moon, 9 Nov 1284 BC (I Peret 3)? - should be December 9, 1360 BC.
Kitchen: Revolt in the Deep South, pp. 30-31
Army arrived at Fortress ‘Pacifier of the Two Lands’ to suppress a Nubian revolt in Irem.
Year 8, III Peret 13 - No lunar match, as should be expected for military movements.
Kitchen: Deserts and Quarries, p. 31
Dug well and built temple at Kanais for gold-miners in the Edfu desert.
Year 9, III Shemu 20
New moon, 25 May 1282 BC - should be June 25 1358 BC
Brand: 3.151 Fragmentary Stela of Seti I, Year 11 (Khartoum 1856), p. 335 (362)
Describes some building projects the king initiated for various gods in the temple of Amen at Gebel
Barkal in Nubia, and in the temple of the Benben-stone in Heliopolis. (Highest known date of Seti I)
Year 11, IV Shemu 12/13
Full moon, 15 Jun 1280 BC (IV Shemu 12) - should be July 15, 1356 BC
Brand and others propose III Shemu 27 (31 May 1279 BC) as the accession date of Ramesses II.
However, I believe his accession month is probably I Akhet (July 1279 BC), to fit the Year 34 date
below. In either case, this implies that Seti I died early in his 12th regnal year.
Kitchen: ‘Gold in those far Hills’, p. 49
Well dug for gold-miners in the Eastern desert at Akuyati in Nubia.
Year 3, I Peret 4
Full moon, 7 Nov 1277 BC (I Peret 3) - should be December 7, 1353 BC
Brand: 4.2.3 Manshiet es-Sadr Stela regarding work on colossal statue, p. 341-2 (368-9)
Year 8, II Peret 8
Full moon, 12 Dec 1272 BC (II Peret 9)
Kitchen: Tales and Tourism in Ramesside Egypt, pp. 147-8
Inscription at the pyramid of king Khendjer (~1740 BC) by scribe Nashuyu.
Year 34, IV Shemu 24, day of the festival of Ptah
Full moon, 18 Jun 1245 BC - should be July 18, 1321 BC.
Thus you see there is ample proof the Exodus was at then end of the 1460 year, one day early from 2737 BC = 1456 year, sothis cycle in 1281 BC at the time of the new year in the sojourn into Egypt in year 430, 2307 BC April 1, and thus the Exodus on the same day March 30, 1281 BC. Then also, there is much evidence that the pharaoh of the Exodus was Merneptah. After Merneptah Egypt suffered steep decline as to be expected with the destruction of the plagues of the Exodus.
Joshua's long day must have been on the sabbath to fulfill scripture:
Hebrews 4:4 "For he spake in a certain place of the seventh day on this wise, And God did rest the seventh day from all his works.
5 And in this place again, If they shall enter into my rest.
6 Seeing therefore it remaineth that some must enter therein, and they to whom it was first preached entered not in because of unbelief:
7 Again, he limiteth a certain day, saying in David, To day, after so long a time: as it is said, To day if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts.
8 For if Joshua had given them rest, then would he not have spoken of another day.
9 There remaineth therefore a rest to the people of God."
Joshua's long day may have been on the sabbath, Saturday, August 24, 1241 BC. Joshua could not give Israel rest that day because they were fighting to conquer the promised land. Likewise when the sun returned Saturday, February 15, 1240 BC at the battle of Merom. Saturday, February 15, 1240 BC have been counted as day six by the Chinese for king Wan's dream. Thus even the battle of Merom may have been fought on the sabbath. Thus all three dates, the battle of Jericho, Joshua's long day, and the battle of Merom were fought on the Sabbath. Jesus could not give his disciples rest when he was in the grave on the sabbath, Saturday, after he was crucified because his disciples were mourning his death until his resurrection early Sunday morning.
View the power point presentation step by step animation of the above model. Or the joshua.pdf.
You can see in the above orbits that earth in a reverse orbit has 2 more days a year. This means earth must speed up in its reverse orbit 48 hours, 2 X 24 hour days, to keep 365.2422 days a year. Or else there would be 367.2422 days a year. That is, earth must speed up from 105,000 kilometers an hour to 105,570 kilometers an hour.
Likewise, the moon in earth's reverse orbit has two more lunar months a year. Thus the moon must slow down two orbits a reverse orbit year. There are 27.322 days a lunar orbit. Then in a reverse orbit the moon must slow down 54.644 days a year to keep the normal 12 lunar months a year. Because earth is sped up 48 hours a year, the moon must speed up 48 hours a year as well. So the moon must slow down 52.644 days in its orbit of the earth in a reverse orbit year to keep the same 12.36 lunar months a year. That is, the moon must slow down from 3,600 kilometers an hour to 3,100 kilometers an hour. All these orbits are relative to earth. Tides etc. would be exactly the same relative to the day. Scientists measure how many tides = lunar orbits a year in sediment. They can then calculate the length of the day. However, in this controlled reverse orbit the number of lunar orbits a year is exactly the same as normal. The length of the year with long days is exactly the same as well. No evidence was left.
The space program began in earnest in 1958 so by 1969 when Harold Hill heard of the Missing Day NASA was capable of discovering it. According to Harold Hill NASA discovered it in the 1960's space mission to the moon. Simply finding a result that was an error could cause the red light to come up. Such a result could be that the sun was 180° away from where should be, like in king Wan's dream, would cause the program to halt.
"King Wan dreamt that he was clothed with the sun and the moon. A phoenix duck sang on mount K'e. In the first month of spring, on the 6th day, the five planets had a conjunction in Fang. Afterwards a male and female phoenix went about Wan's capital with a writing in their beaks, which said: 'The emperor of Yin has no principle, but oppresses and disorders the empire. The great decree is removed: Yin cannot enjoy it longer. The powerful spirits of earth have left it; all the spirits are whistled away. The conjunction of the five planets in Fang brightens all within the four seas.'"
The Annals of the Bamboo Books, Part V the Dynasty of Chow, The Chinese Classics.
Joshua's six day moon in Israel was above in China, Joshua's noon sun was setting in China. Half an orbit later, 176 days later - February 15, 1240 BC - there was a six day moon also. The Chinese spring was 45 days before the spring equinox. The spring equinox in 1240 BC was April 2, 1240 BC. Thus spring was February 15, 1240 BC. Thus the lunar month beginning February 10, 1240 BC, was the first month of spring- the sun miracle Febuary 15, 1240 BC be the first day of the 45 days to the spring equinox - the first of spring. The Chinese new year celebration of 15 days ended on the full moon, March 13, 1240 BC. King Wan's dream occurred just after sunset in China. Thus the sixth day of the month began with sunset that Saturday, February 15, 1240 BC = noon Saturday Israel time. The planets were in Fang/Libra, the sun in Virgo - a Fall constellation. The sun is in Virgo in September. So September in no way could be called Spring! This was the position the sun, moon and planets were in prior to king Wan's long sunset. The date was the first week of the first month of Spring when the sun must be in Pisces but was in Virgo!
In the Missing Day Story, there may have been a computer check that gave an error when the wrong season of the year was entered in regards to the position of the sun. Fall was the answer the computer was looking for. Spring was entered. Then the red light. Once they obtained the date the earth was nearest the sun in 1240 BC and the Assyrian Omen date of Adar, January/February - the same date as the Chinese Spring, for the sun standing still at noon, they could calculate the missing 40 minutes on a slide rule. The Assyrian Omen was for the battle of Merom when Joshua chased the Assyrians into Sidon a year after the fall of Jericho when the sun must return. From Megiddo/Merom to Sidon is about 70 miles. Hardly is it possible to chase the Assyrians 70 miles in a normal 12 hour day. However, with 12 more hours, this was a 24 hour day and it was very possible for Joshua to chase the Assyrians to Sidon. Both the Assyrian Omen and king Wan's dream and Joshua's long day were for 1241 BC/1240 BC. Some of the talented people employed in the mission to the moon may have been the ones to discover the missing day. Or else I am the first to discover the model of Joshua's long day. Email me, Andrew Bennett, at firstname.lastname@example.org
The position of the planets in the TheSky February 15, 1240 BC:
Top View. You can see the planets are left behind to form a conjunction in the west as the sun revolves 180 degrees counter clock wise around the earth in the evening sky above the setting sun in China:
The position sideways of earth, sun and planets before the sun moved back, February 15, 1240 BC:
The position of the earth, the sun and planets after the sun moved back, February 15, 1240 BC:
The sun at 6 PM China time was in Corvus, the planets appeared above in Scorpius February 15, 1240 BC. Thus at the start of the sun miracle the planets were in Scorpius. Then the sun in Corvus moved 180° with earth's rotation to Aquarius. Thus at the start of the long sunset at 6 PM China time the planets were above in Scorpius as they were recorded. This record in Spring is impossible without earth being in a reverse orbit of the sun. Jupiter and Saturn would stand still above the western sky and set in Aries and Taurus where they should be February 15, 1240 BC. Then earth flowed out of the reverse orbit of the sun without a trace.
Each day in a reverse orbit must be 8 minutes shorter than it would have in a reverse orbit because earth must be sped up 2 days, 48 hours, a year to keep 365.24 days a year because rotation is against orbit. The daily amount of heat radiation from the sun must have been adjusted to leave no biological trace in this 8 minutes less a day, 4 minutes less daylight a day. Other than moving the sun at near light speed, there is nothing about this present physics cannot accommodate or expect there to be physical evidence left. If the physics works and leaves no evidence and fits ancient observation, then beware if you be so inclined to mock what may very well be God's work. If NASA is saying there is no trace, no physical evidence the sun moved, they are probably right. However, NASA may be saying there is no evidence whatsoever of the sun being moved around the earth. Then the abundance of evidence documented on this web page directly contradicts that statement. If the sun moved to the other side of the earth, earth's forward momentum would carry earth into a reverse orbit of the sun. Earth must match its elliptical orbit in reverse perfectly. Earth almost certainly could not be left to itself. The reverse orbit must have been very skillfully managed to keep the sun's same seasonal intensity, as it would have had, throughout the year at the same time speeding up the yearly orbit 48 hours to keep the 365 days in a year because rotations are against orbit. If the sun moved earth must flow into a reverse orbit. This answers both concerns: Earth is rotating at 1,000 mph at the equator and rushing at 70,000 mph around the sun. You will read here of many reverse zodiacs/orbits. Some people have a hard time believing God could move the solar system around the earth. Well, let them. This is the truth, and if they won't believe it, they are responsible. The evidence on this page is reliable.
Genesis 8:22 "While earth remaineth, seedtime and harvest, and cold and heat, and summer and winter, and day and night shall not cease."
Here you see the solar systems flat plane of orbit:
Here you see how when the sun drops down 18° the inclination of orbit must drop as well:
We can see God kept all these promises at the same time moving the sun 180° around the earth and a little up or down to keep earth in the same season. Moving the sun around the earth at the same distance means there would be no change to earth's temperature. Day and night depended on where the sun was and seeing earth continued to rotate day and night continued. Day was when the sun appeared. Thus if the sun moved 180° east generally day/night was 12 hours longer or if the sun moved 180° west day/night was 12 hours shorter. Earth continued to rotate exactly as it would have untouched. Moreover, 12 hours daylight of a normal day was a sign of the shortness of life. Nevertheless, there were many days of sun miracles in history with 12 hours more daylight, or 36 hours, or 60 hours, or even 84 hours, more daylight. Some will say this is not in the Bible. My response is, Oh yes, it is. Many of these days are in the Bible. And the Chinese record sun miracles on the same day and date as those in the Bible. The model of reverse orbit is in the Bible:
Joshua 10:13b "the sun stood still in the midst of heaven for about a whole day"
This verse literally reads the sun stood still from the half of heaven for about a whole day. This means the sun revolved around the earth as earth rotated from half way back to half way to stand still in the sky for 24 hours and earth's foward momentum carried earth into, and finally out of a reverse orbit of the sun.
The zodiac progresses nomally on the left: Aquarius, Pisces, Aries, Taurus, Gemini, Cancer, Leo, Virgo, Libra, Scorpius, Sagittarius, Capricorn..
The zodiac progresses in reverse on the right: Leo, Cancer, Gemini, Taurus, Aries, Pisces, Aquarius, Capricorn, Sagittarius, Scorpius, Libra, Virgo..
You can see not only does the zodiac progress in reverse in a reverse orbit, but also jumps six zodiac constellations. The inner planets Mercury and Venus and also Mars must also jump six constellations. The Chinese zodiac progresses in reverse perhaps because there were so many reverse orbits the Chinese thought they were normal.
This research would not have been necessary if only people read their Bibles. You cannot pick up the Bible without reading at least some hint of sun miracles.
A form letter from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt MD 20771:
We know nothing of Mr. Harold Hill and in no way can corroborate the "lost day" reference in the article.
The effects of epoch events such as leap year, Babylonian calendar sequential perturbations, etc., are considered in the development of long-term-running computer programs. We are limited somewhat in that many of our calculations terminate with Babylonian calendar events (4,000 years ago), but this has never given programmers any unexpected difficulties.
Although we make use of planetary positions as necessary in the determination of spacecraft orbits on our computers, I have not found that any "astronauts and space scientists at Greenbelt" were involved in the "lost day" story attributed to Mr. Hill.
Thank you for your interest.
Edward Mason, Chief
Office of Public Affairs
This may be the red light in the Missing Day Story. NASA computers often put up a red light and had to be seen to:
Red light in NASA computer room from 50 years NASA.
Yes, NASA made use of planetary positions. Yes, they were going back 4,000 years. All they would have to do was open the Chinese Classics and come to this record of king Wan's dream in Spring. Right away the computer would put up a red light that the sun cannot be in Leo in Spring! The six day moon directly above and the conjunction of the five planets in the west in Fang/Libra at sunset could not have been seen with the sun in Pisces. This five planet conjunction in Fang/Libra meant the sun was in Leo which is 180° from the sun in Pisces in January/February of the Chinese spring. Some have noted the discrepancy and tried to explain it away. Perhaps they misnamed Fall, Spring! Can you imagine anything more ridiculous? The Chinese Spring was always counted with the lunar month in January/February/March. Chinese Spring was calculated 45 days before the Spring equinox, April 2, 1240 BC, 90 days marking the total season. A computer would state the obvious: the sun had been in Leo at sunset and moved 180° to Pisces, standing still below the horizon, then rising a little in the west over a 12 hour period. Thus king Wan was clothed with the sun and the moon. Jupiter and Saturn were supposed to have been in Aries and Taurus 1240 BC. Taurus is 180° away from Fang/Libra! Mercury is one of these five planets depicted in Fang/Libra. Mercury orbits very close to the sun. How could Mercury be in Fang/Libra 180° away from the sun in Pisces and still be next to the sun? No way! No way could Mercury be in conjunction with the other planets in Scorpio. Together with a six day moon this record seems to depict the planets in the west just below the moon and just above the sun at sunset.
A computer service technician from NASA who started work just after the Missing Day Story came out emailed me from a newsgroup in about 2000 that these computers often put up a red light and had to be seen to. Yigael Yadin estimated Hazor was burned 1266 - 1233 BC while doing excavations there in 1958 and 1968. All the spacemen would have to do is look for a five planet conjunction at sunset for this period. The second long day of Joshua at Merom February 15, 1240 BC when Joshua chased the Midianites into Syria as far as Sidon which was more distance travelling than 12 hours or 6 hours of daylight would allow. This sun miracle in February was king Wan's dream occuring at the same time as the battle of Merom. They may have connected king Wan's dream to the year of Joshua's long day 1241 BC/1240 BC. Then the computer would tell them this conjunction in the first month of the Chinese spring and on the 6th day of the moon and be in Aries and Taurus could only be February 15, 1240 BC. Most likely the planets were moved out of the way of the sun as it moved 180°. Thus the five planets appeared in conjunction in Fang/Scorpio when the stars appeared. The sun sets at 5 PM in February 7. So, the sun standing still 90° away at noon in Israel would mean a starry night in China, till the sun retreated 10°. Next they would see the conjunction was recorded in Fang/Scorpio 180° away, and right away realize the five planets had moved 180° with the sun from Fang/Scorpio. With the sun 180° away they would discover the reverse orbit. Once they discovered the reverse orbit, they would discover earth must speed up 48 hours a year, 24 hours in a half orbit. While they were looking at Assyrian Omens they would find the omen:
An Assyrian Omen: "If in Adar the sun stands still in the middle of noontime: the land will experience siege (and) misery."
Adar is January/February. February 15, 1240 BC is probably when the sun stood still at noon time for Joshua at Merom in Joshua 11, and perhaps Judges 4 and 5; and this be king Wan's dream. Then the sun may have stood still at Gibeon for Joshua's long day August 24, 1241 BC. Then the sun must return on the same date one year later after the fall of Jericho February 17, 1241 BC at the battle of Merom February 15, 1240 BC where there was siege and misery. The day February 15, 1240 BC could have lasted 12 hours longer and Joshua's long day August 24, 1241 BC, 23:20 hours longer. Thus the sun may have stood still when it returned as well when Joshua chased the Midianites into Syria. And thus it became an Assyrian omen. And thus NASA had all the records it needed to find the missing day and the remaining missing 40 minutes with the help of the Bible. These were scientists on a mission. All they were looking for is anything astronomical. The next book after Joshua is Judges. Boling wrote that Joshua and Judges began at the same time. Their day was not done till the 40 minutes were found. Once it was found they did not need to record their findings. Their mission was to find problems to the space program. And since this problem had been solved and posed no risk to the space program it did not need to be reported.
In consideration of all these things, it reminds us of the spiritual truth that God will move heaven and earth to save one soul. How about you?
If you want an unwavering Faith that questions not, email me, Andrew Bennett: email@example.com
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