II Kings 20:5 "Turn again, and tell Hezekiah the captain of my people, Thus saith the LORD, the God of David thy father, I have heard thy prayer, I have seen thy tears: behold, I will heal thee: on the third day thou shalt go up unto the house of the LORD.
6 And I will add unto thy days fifteen years; and I will deliver thee and this city out of the hand of the king of Assyria; and I will defend this city for mine own sake, and for my servant David's sake."
8 "And Hezekiah said unto Isaiah, What shall be the sign that the LORD will heal me, and that I shall go up into the house of the LORD the third day?
9 And Isaiah said, This sign shalt thou have of the LORD, that the LORD will do the thing that he hath spoken: shall the shadow go forward ten degrees, or go back ten degrees?
10 And Hezekiah answered, It is a light thing for the shadow to go down ten degrees: nay, but let the shadow return backward ten degrees.
11 And Isaiah the prophet cried unto the LORD: and he brought the shadow ten degrees backward, by which it had gone down in the dial of Ahaz."
2 Kings 20:8-10 in Hebrew MP3
According to the tract Sanhedrin 96a, the sun set 10 hours early on the death of Ahaz, so as not to allow time for Israel to mourn an evil king. In China there was a solar eclipse record for day 42, March 20, 718 BC, on a full moon = passover, when there was no solar eclipse on that exact year of 60 and was not the solar eclipse of day 6 of cycle 60, February 22, 720 BC. A year later would be when Ahaz died at the end of the month of Adar, March 20, 717 BC when the sun must return and produce Ahaz's sign at his death. Hezekiah's sign was then in 703 BC, 14 years later. There may have been an hour of darkness at noon Friday, March 29, 703 BC when Hezekiah prayed, and asked for a sign. Then after the sun set in the west that afternoon, the sun may have risen in the west. Probably Hezekiah's Sign was the sun retreating from the west to the east Saturday, March 30, 703 BC just as the sun may have retreated from the west to the east on the sabbath day following Jesus' crucifixion. Thus the upper sun dial of Ahaz would be high enough to cast a shadow at sunset and sunrise. Then on Sunday, March 31, 703 BC, the third day, the day of the passover - the full moon, the sun may have brilliantly and suddenly rose in the east whereupon Hezekiah was healed. Thus the connection to the Resurrection Sunday when Jesus rose from the dead. Then also 15 years later to the day, Hezekiah may have died March 28, 688 BC on day sin mao = 28 of cycle 60, when stars fell like rain in China probably when the sun moved to the other side of the earth, astroids becoming meteorites as they moved into earth's path. God promised Hezekiah 15 more years to the day..
Geneva Bible Notes:
"Let the sunne goe so many degrees backe that the houres may be so many the fewer in the Kings diall. Which diall was set in the rop (rope - Middle English not top) of the stairs that Ahaz had made."
Early sun dials had a gnomon hanging from a rope to cast a shadow on a marked floor. The rope was elevated or lowered to tell the correct time depending upon the season. Perhaps these early translators imagined a stairway with rope for the gnomon like the Temple Steps depicted below. I saw a video of a sunset on the Temple Mount. The shadow from the local hill was sharp on the temple mount. Thus this shadow would extend across all ten steps of the Temple Steps and represent a 180° movement of the sun.
"In his (King Yin's) second year (312 BC when Alexander the Great invaded Israel. According to Josephus he had a dream of the High Priest pleading for Jerusalem and did not destroy the Temple), in the country of Ts'e, the ground where they measured the length of the sun's shadow lengthened more than ten cubits, and was elevated a cubit."
James Legge stated "we have seen this before". That is the character for lengthened repeated means really lengthened or suddenly lengthened.
The Chinese Classics III, p.175
Ch'in defeated Ch'u at Tan Yang in 312 BC.
The Grand Scribes Records, volume 7, p.149
Tan Yang means spread out sun. King Hui of Ch'in died in 311 BC. Perhaps he was dethroned at the sign of this sun miracle.
Thus the shadow may have gone forward likewise as a sign on Ahaz's death about March 20, 717 BC.
Jeremiah 6:4 "Prepare ye war against her; arise, and let us go up at noon. Woe unto us! for the day goeth away, for the shadows of the evening are stretched out."
This may be like the hour of darkness at noon when Jesus was on the cross. Then after the sun would appear in the 3PM position on the sun dial because the sun had moved ahead 45° as described above. Thus "the shadows of the evening are stretched out."
Dead Sea Scroll 1QIsaa 11-44 complete, 1QIsaa 38:1-22, 1QIsab 38:12-22. (The same account is given in Isaiah 38 and in:
2 Chronicles 32:24 "In those days Hezekiah was sick to the death, and prayed unto the LORD: and he spake unto him, and he gave him a sign.
The sun may have retreated to past the dawn position and stood there well below the horizon for 3 X 24 hours. Or this was a long night when Hezekiah wept and prayed. So when Isaiah asked Hezekiah should the shadow of the sun go forward 10 steps or backward 10 steps this may mean the whole sky each time. The sun may have rose in the west for Hezekiah and set in the east at the end of the three days of darkness. Then the sun may have rose suddenly and brilliantly in the east whereupon Hezekiah was healed. Then Hezekiah's sign may be like the resurrection morning. Thus the sun moved east 7 X 180° and rose in the east on the third day. Thus Hezekiah's sign was similar to the three days darkness the disciples rested the sabbaton - a Friday night of seven nights and the sun descended from west to set in the east that Saturday. Then the sun rose in the east suddenly and brilliantly that resurrection Sunday morning. The resurrection may be likened to the healing of the seven fold sun suddenly ascending from the east. Thus the shadow would both go backwards then forward 10 steps = 180 degrees. Thus Hezekiah may have been healed by a sevenfold sun at sunrise after three days of darkness, a sign of the resurrection.
The sun's shadow upon the sundial retreating to the beginning, to the sunrise position in the east, being likened to God making Hezekiah pure as a child to live the day of his life for God.
Proverbs 4:18 "But the path of the just is as the shining light, that shineth more and more unto the perfect day"
Their beginning as the sunrise to the light of the noon day sun, the bright eternal long day of a saved eternity with Jesus.
II Chronicles 32:25 "But Hezekiah rendered not again according to the benefit done unto him; for his heart was lifted up: therefore there was wrath upon him, and upon Judah and Jerusalem."
Hezekiah's Sign must have been in the spring of 703 BC.
Isaiah 38:8 "Behold, I will bring again the shadow of the degrees, which is gone down in the sun dial of Ahaz, ten degrees backward. So the sun returned ten degrees, by which degrees it was gone down."
Dead Sea Scrolls text in italics: Isaiah 38:8 "See now, I will make the shadow on the steps of the upper dial of Ahaz, marking the setting sun, return backward ten steps."
Perhaps the dial was high up for the sun to retreat to the beginning of the dial on the eastern horizon from the western horizon. Or this word may be upon (the first three letters are the same for upper and upon in Hebrew) perhaps suggesting God had forgiven Hezekiah's sins, reversed the disease, made him whole again and reversed the past and gave him the heart of a child. Nevertheless, an upper sundial may mark 10 steps between the rising sun and the setting sun.
The Great Isaiah Scroll: Isaiah 38:8 "Behold I will cause the shadow to return of the degrees which have gone down in the sundial upper Achaz by the sun backward ten degrees and the sun returned ten degrees in the degrees by which it had gone down."
Isaiah 38:13 "I reckoned till morning, that, as a lion, so will he break all my bones: from day even to night wilt thou make an end of me."
Perhaps that day the sun set in the east to start a new day, returning to the morning position. Then on the day after the next day, the third day, Hezekiah was healed and worshipped in the temple.
Isaiah 38:17 "Behold, for peace I had great bitterness: but thou hast in love to my soul delivered it from the pit of corruption: for thou hast cast all my sins behind thy back."
Isaiah 38:22 "Hezekiah also had said, What is the sign that I shall go up to the house of the LORD?"
These steps may be like on the sun dial of Ahaz. If you can picture the sun descend to the Mount of Olives in the east in the background, to the horizon, the shadow may mark ten steps. Likewise the sun descending to the west may mark ten of these steps. The wall behind, to the west was not there. Therefore these temple steps may have served as a sundial. Even there may have been a gnomon in the midst, the dial of Ahaz, to cast a shadow on these steps. These are known as the steps of ascents in the Psalms of Degrees. These are the teaching steps, where Jesus taught in the temple:
The 15 songs of degrees Psalm 120-134 were thought to have been written for the 15 years the LORD had extended to Hezekiah and were sung climbing the 10 steps ascending to the temple. The 10 psalms by Hezekiah may symbolize the 10 steps the sun retreated. Thirteen of these psalms are together in an ancient grouping in two Dead Sea Scrolls, the last two were found elsewhere. Psalms 120 121 123 125 126 128 129 130 132 and 134 were thought to have been written by Hezekiah. Psalms 122 124 131 133 are David's and Psalm 127 Solomon's. Psalm 130 may bear similarities to Hezekiah's prayer and the sun returning to the morning position.
Perhaps the Beautiful gate of the temple:
Hezekiah may have laid in his bed at the foot of these steps. These steps may have been the ten steps in Ahaz's sun dial. After the sun set in the east, the sun may have risen brilliantly in the east and Hezekiah exposed to the sun light may have found healing and gone up these steps into the temple.
Some have commented the book of Joshua was rewritten at the time of the siege of Sennecherib. The scene at the sun miracle of Hezekiah may be almost identical. The sun rising in the west a Friday night, perhaps standing still at noon for 24 hours, then setting in the east that Saturday. Then the sun rising suddenly and brilliantly Sunday morning whereupon Isaiah was healed on the third day.
Hezekiah was 38 when the sun retreated ten steps on Ahaz's sundial. He was 25 when he began to reign to his 14th year when he was about to die. Thus Hezekiah was 38 when Isaiah asked him if the shadow of the sun should move forward ten steps or backward ten steps on the upper sundial of Ahaz. This appears to be the age Jesus was when he was crucified in April 3, 33 AD. Jesus appears to have been born about Sunday, September 13, 7 BC. Thus 7 years less one year because there is no year zero, plus 32 years from September = 38 years and a half at April 3, 33 AD. Azariah appears to have been 38 when he died also. Ahaz was 36. Isaac was the age if Christ, about 38, when Abraham went to offer him up because Sarah then died at age 127. Sarah was about 90, perhaps 89, when Isaac was born. The children of Israel were at Kadeshbarnea 38 years. The impotent man Jesus healed was 38 years in that case.
Genesis 25:17 "And these are the years of the life of Ishmael, an hundred and thirty and seven years: and he gave up the ghost and died; and was gathered unto his people."
Genesis 41:46 "And Joseph was thirty years old when he stood before Pharaoh king of Egypt. And Joseph went out from the presence of Pharaoh, and went throughout all the land of Egypt."
Joseph would be 38, eight years later when Jacob and his brethren came down into Egypt at the beginning of the second year of famine.
Exodus 6:16 "And these are the names of the sons of Levi according to their generations; Gershon, and Kohath, and Merari: and the years of the life of Levi were an hundred thirty and seven years."
Numbers 4:47 "From thirty years old and upward even unto fifty years old, every one that came to do the service of the ministry, and the service of the burden in the tabernacle of the congregation,"
Deuteronomy 2:14 "And the space in which we came from Kadeshbarnea, until we were come over the brook Zered, was thirty and eight years; until all the generation of the men of war were wasted out from among the host, as the LORD sware unto them."
1 Kings 2:11 "And the days that David reigned over Israel were forty years: seven years reigned he in Hebron, and thirty and three years reigned he in Jerusalem."
David lived to 70 years. Then he was 37 when he became king over all of Israel.
2 Kings 13:10 "In the thirty and seventh year of Joash king of Judah began Jehoash the son of Jehoahaz to reign over Israel in Samaria, and reigned sixteen years."
2 Kings 15:8 "In the thirty and eighth year of Azariah king of Judah did Zachariah the son of Jeroboam reign over Israel in Samaria six months."
2 Kings 16:2 "Twenty years old was Ahaz when he began to reign, and reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem, and did not that which was right in the sight of the LORD his God, like David his father."
1 Chronicles 23:3 "Now the Levites were numbered from the age of thirty years and upward: and their number by their polls, man by man, was thirty and eight thousand."
2 Chronicles 16:12 "And Asa in the thirty and ninth year of his reign was diseased in his feet, until his disease was exceeding great: yet in his disease he sought not to the LORD, but to the physicians."
2 Chronicles 21:20 "Thirty and two years old was he when he began to reign, and he reigned in Jerusalem eight years, and departed without being desired. Howbeit they buried him in the city of David, but not in the sepulchres of the kings."
2 Chronicles 27:1 "Jotham was twenty and five years old when he began to reign, and he reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem. His mother's name also was Jerushah, the daughter of Zadok."
Thus there is plenty of support in Old Testament times for Jesus living 38 years.
See the Chinese on left (top to bottom, right to left): Huai-nan tzu who lived in 200 BC, writes about Han's rise to power. This event must have occurred sometime between 515 BC and 450 BC. Probably this was Yuang and either 474 BC when he became emperor, or 467 BC when he died. The Milky Way was not visible in China in 496 BC. Perhaps the sun stood still at noon one day in 496 BC and in the long twilight the milky way was not visible in China. Lu Yang = Luh-ch'ing, was the grandson of Chu Ping Wang who died in 515 BC - the common date for the end of the captivity to Israel. Nevertheless, China must have seen the same thing, perhaps in 703 BC, when the sun retreated to the dawn for Hezekiah and to the meridian in China. The Duke of Lu Yang in 465 BC quoted King Wu in 1174 BC when he conquered China. This being the same Chow dynasty. King Wu began his campaign on January 27, 1174 BC and completed his conquest of China in the fourth month in May. Saul also was chosen king in May, perhaps 1124 BC.
1 Samuel 11:14 "Then said Samuel to the people, Come, and let us go to Gilgal, and renew the kingdom there.
11:15 And all the people went to Gilgal; and there they made Saul king before the LORD in Gilgal; and there they sacrificed sacrifices of peace offerings before the LORD; and there Saul and all the men of Israel rejoiced greatly."
Samuel 12:16 "Now therefore stand and see this great thing, which the LORD will do before your eyes.
12:17 Is it not wheat harvest to day? I will call unto the LORD, and he shall send thunder and rain; that ye may perceive and see that your wickedness is great, which ye have done in the sight of the LORD, in asking you a king.
12:18 So Samuel called unto the LORD; and the LORD sent thunder and rain that day: and all the people greatly feared the LORD and Samuel."
Then after two years in 1122 BC:
"In his 12th year, in the summer, in the sixth month, on the jin-shin (9th of cycle 60) day, the king went to Fung and gave his Charge to the duke of Peih. In the autumn duke E of Maou died."
The Chinese classics III, The Annals of the Bamboo Books, p.148
This may be day 9 of 60, September 5, 1122 BC, the 10th day of the lunar month seven, the day of Atonement which was a day of fasting:
1 Samuel 13:1 "Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel,"
1 Samuel 14:14 "And that first slaughter, which Jonathan and his armourbearer made, was about twenty men, within as it were an half acre of land, which a yoke of oxen might plow."
1 Sa 14:15 "And there was trembling in the host, in the field, and among all the people: the garrison, and the spoilers, they also trembled, and the earth quaked: so it was a very great trembling."
1 Samuel 14:18 "And Saul said unto Ahiah, Bring hither the ark of God. For the ark of God was at that time with the children of Israel."
1 Samuel 14:20 "And Saul and all the people that were with him assembled themselves, and they came to the battle: and, behold, every man's sword was against his fellow, and there was a very great discomfiture."
Thus Saul's first year should be in 1124 BC forty years to 1184 BC when David became king. Thus after two years is this 1122 BC. Then a sun miracle on Yom Kippur and Israel got the victory. King Ching died on day 2 of cycle 60, which may be the new moon on April 28, 1133 BC. Thus the 12th year of king Kang is this 1122 BC.
This may be the time the sun reversed when King Wu shook his spear at the setting sun:
"In his 12th year, (first year of Emperor Wu) the king led the tribes of the west and the princes to attack Yin, and defeated Show in the wilderness of Muh. He took with his own hand Show prisoner in the tower of Nan-tan, and entered into the participation of the bright appointment of Heaven,"
The Chinese Classics, The Annals of the Bamboo Books, p44.
1174 BC "When King Wu conquered King Zou of Shang, a broom star appeared and tendered its handle to Yin."
Huainanzi ch. 15
An example of weilding a spear:
632 BC "When Duke Wen of Jin was about to battle King Cheng of Chu at Chengpu, a broom star emerged in the astromical state of Chu. Chu weilded its handle, on account of which Jiu Fan was asked about it. He responded: 'In doing battle in conjunction with a broom star, the one who moves contrary to it gains the victory'"
Lun heng ch. 5
The orbit of Halley's Comet is about 77 years. Halley's Comet is the broom star. Then back from this 632 BC in 77 year orbits is 1174 BC. 1174 BC - 632 BC = 542 years. 7 X 77 years = 539 years.
Thus perhaps the sun rose in the west and set in the east, then Wu shook his spear at the sun, then the sun brilliantly rose in the east. This may be the same fourth month that Wu returned and sacrificed in the temple. From the sun miracle in 1194 BC 9 years to king Wan's death. Then 11 years to Wu's 12th year, 1174 BC when Wu became emperor.
The fifth day of the lunar month is Pentecost. The fiftieth day from day 15 is Hebrew lunar day 5, 50 - pentecost. Thus possibly this might be the day of Pentecost in 1174 BC. In the Chinese Classics it says that Wu received the bright appointment of heaven in the fourth month. This may be day 1 of cycle 60 March 11, 1170 BC. Then were assembled the vassals on day 37 of 60 which this new moon April 17, 1170 BC.
In China while Wu was waging war the sun reversed also and Wu uttered these words which became famous in China. There is a possiblility the sun miracle of 1174 BC may be the context of king Wu when he "grasps a golden yue". In 1174 BC king Wu declined to fight at the sight of the sun miracle. Then again when this duke of Lu Yang = Luh-ch'ing, waged war the sun may have reversed also prompting him to repeat the words of his ancestor king Wu. Esther was made queen and wife to Xerxes in the tenth month of Tabet 470 BC. Perhaps Luh-ch'ing became duke in 470 BC, the sun miracle that day in autumn may see the sun at the noon position retreat to the dawn position in Israel = the sun setting in the west in China would then rise in the west to the noon position in China. Lu Yang = Luh-ch'ing, the same Chinese character for his name, in 464 BC = the same 12th year of Xerxes that the Jews had victory on Adar 13 in the book of Esther. Yuang became emperor in 474 BC and died in 467 BC. Then Luh-ch'ing becane duke in King Ching-Ting's 4th year, the autumn or winter, 11th month, of 464 BC.
There was another time when the king wielded a spear, this time against a comet:
"When Duke Wen of Jin was about to battle King Cheng of Chu at Chengpu, a broom star emerged in the astrological space of the state of Chu. Chu wielded its handle, on account of which Jiu Fan was asked about it. He responded: 'In doing battle in conjunction with a broom star, the one who moves contrary to it gains the victory.'"
East Asian Archaeology, p.111. - 632 BC.
This was during the time Josiah was king of Judah who purged Judah from idols. The broom star may rather be the dragon, the glory of God.
Then in 139 BC this was written, as you see on the left, for the emperor of China now the emperor of the Han dynasty:
"King Wu's left hand grasps a golden yue (ancient Chinese weapon with a hook), his right holds a white banner, humbly glaring and says: "No one in the world would dare to harm me!" Thereupon a breeze aids the wave to the movement. Lu Yang duke and Han relations difficult war fierce sun sunset apply spear and swang sun for Lu Yang reverse three stall. They [King Wu and the Duke of Lu-yang] had kept their nature intact, preserved their genuineness and avoided injury to their person. When they met with crisis and were pressed with difficulties, their essence merged with Heaven as if they had not yet begun to emerge from their origin. How could they not succeed then, in all their undertakings!"
"Long ago, the Yellow Emperor, (Huangdi 2698 BC), governed all under Heaven with tender strength. Mount Taishan bowed out to the side so the sun and moon Emperor was able to govern and make the laws for people's livelihood. The Emperor regulated the Qi of Yin and Yang, apportioned the length of the seasons and rectified the numbers of the calendar, separated men and women and distinguished male and female animals, made clear the distinction between those above and those below and classified the ranks of noble and common. He kept the strong from crushing the weak and the many from oppressing the few. The people fulfilled their life-span and did not meet with untimely death. Harvests ripened at the propitious time and were not damaged by any calamity. The Hundred Officers were upright and devoid of self interest. Those above and those below were harmonious and not fault-finding. Laws and orders were clear and their was no confusion. Ministers were public-minded and not partial. Land tillers did not transgress balks and fishermen did not wrangle over deep-water channels. People did not appropriate what had been left along the road and the prices were not fixed in advance in the market-place. The gates of the inner and outer city walls were left unlocked and manors were free from thieves and robbers. Rustic folks mutually yeilded goods to each other and dogs and pigs spat out grain and millet on the roadside. All were devoid of aggressive hearts. Thereupon, sun and moon shone with pure brilliancy and stars and constellations did not leave their courses. Wind and rain came a seasonable times and the five grains grew to maturity. Tigers and leopards did not bite recklessly and birds of prey did not strike at random. Male and female Phoenixes swirled over the court-yard and the Unicorn wandered in the countryside. The Green Dragon took flight to where the yellow bend becomes Northern black. Everyone in the country shared each others duties."
Translation by Tom Jackson of West Kelowna.
For a full translation try: Huai Nan Zi.doc Huai Nan Zi in html Translation by Heun He. See the Chinese below in full length
Lu Yang must be Luh-ch'ing:
"Lu Yang duke and Han relations difficult war fierce sun sunset apply spear and swang sun for Lu Yang reverse three stall"
Read the Chinese explanation word for word here: "Lu Yang was the head of a
county of Chu. He was the grandson of Chu Ping Wang and son of Si Ma Zi Qi. He was the person whom Guo Yu (title
of a historical text) called Lu Yang Wen Zi. Chu overstepped titles and (its ruler) called themselves king and
the heads of counties called themselves as Duke. Therefore, the text called Lu Yang as Duke. Nowadays Nan Yang
is the place Lu Yang. Han means (he) fought face to face and felt happy. Hui Ri means (he) ordered (the sun) to
return and (the sun) retreat three She. She means successive mansions."
Charles Le Blanc translated Ci Xiu (?) as "successive solar (or celestial) mansions".
"sun began to set, He (the Duke) raised his spear and waived at the sun, and the sun reverted three mansions on his behalf."
Lu Yang did not command the sun, he observed the sun while God moved it, probably having something to do with Israel. Nan Yang means south sun, Lu Yang means dull sun, perhaps Lu Yang then became the new name. The character is related to the unicorn. Thus perhaps one of the four beasts before God's throne was seen with the sun with its horn.
The first year of Ching-Ying was in 467 BC - the last year of Yuang. The fourth year of Ching Ying, eleventh month was the first year of Lu Yang = Luh-ch'ing when he became duke. The first year of Xerxes may be 477 BC. And thus Esther's deliverance for the Jews on the thirteenth day of Adar, the 12th month, in the 12th year of Xerxes may be 465 BC. Then in 465/466 BC Luh-ch'ing succeeded Tan'chih in the 11th moath, the sun in Sagittarius = Kow T'een in December, fourth year from 467 BC. For the sun to be in Kow T'een, the sun must have moved back 180° or multiples thereof, at the sun miracle that day. Luh-ch'ing must be Lu Yang. Thus a sun miracle that Adar/January in Purim would give the Jews light and joy and victory the same day Lu Yang was in battle and had victory in China.
Then in the tenth year of Ching-Ying, Lu Yang = Luh-ch'ing died, in 458 BC. If there was a sun miracle in 458 BC, the chinese may have taken it as an omen to assassinate Lu Yang who became duke also on a sun miracle when the sun reversed three solar mansions and his father Tan-chih died and Lu Yang became duke in the same battle January 465 BC. That is, the setting sun, reversed and rose in the west. Then at the finishing of the wall of Jerusalem in Xerxes' 20th year in 458 BC, there may have been a sun miracle. Then seventy weeks of year, 490 years, to Jesus' atonement at the crucifixion on April 3, 33 AD on the 49th of cycle jubile.
When the first month was February, the eleventh month was December. Then the sun was exactly in Scorpio Sagittarius, the constellation the sun was in December 11, 466 BC. The father of Luh-ching was Duke Ching of Sung. He witnessed Mars in the heart constellation, where it would not normally be then in 480 BC in October. See Mars.
- You can see the character for Yang is the same as for sun.
Esther 8:9 "Then were the king's scribes called at that time in the third month, that is, the month Sivan, on the three and twentieth day thereof;"
Esther 8:14 "So the posts that rode upon mules and camels went out, being hastened and pressed on by the king's commandment. And the decree was given at Shushan the palace."
Esther 8:16 "The Jews had light, and gladness, and joy, and honour.
8:17 And in every province, and in every city, whithersoever the king's commandment and his decree came, the Jews had joy and gladness, a feast and a good day. And many of the people of the land became Jews; for the fear of the Jews fell upon them."
If this was Xerxes 12th year, this sun miracle would be in 465 BC which was a year 7 of the 49 year jubilee. Thus Mordecai sought rest and release for the Jews in this sabbath year 465 BC and again in the jubilee year in 458 BC.
This was about 465 BC in summer after the feast of Pentecost.
When in this province of Han, in Changsha, there was a carving of this very event outside a restaurant just outside of the Dolton Hotel with what may have been Lu Yang holding up his spear. Not far from Changsha is a place Lu Yang. I saw the sign from the highway. I asked Xueshun Liu about it and this is what he had to say: "As for the event where the sun reversed three stall for Lu Yang, there is no specific date in early Chinese texts; at least, I cannot find any. According to notes of that event, which you put a link to it, Lu Yang was not Liu Bang, the first emperor of the Han Dynasty. If the note is right, Lu Yang was a grandson of King Ping of Chu who ruled Chu from 528 BC to 515 BC. Thus, Lu Yang might live between 525 BC (?) and 450 BC (?). The date of that event, if it is true, should be around that period."
Luh-Ching succeeded his father in 465 BC, Xerxes's twelfth year. Even Xerxes' 12th month may be Luh-Ching's eleventh month. And he may have succeeded his father at this battle when the sun after setting, rose in the west as it must have in 470 BC for Lu Yang = Luang. Perhaps the same pattern of sun miracle was repeated often. Then if this was the day of Purim for Esther, the Jews would have 12 or 36 or 60 more hours of daylight. This probably was in January/February or possibly in December.
If the sun just rose above the horizon and set again, the sun must be travelling very fast east. Even if the sun was standing still at the horizon it must rise some 30° as it travelled in a strait ling along the ecliptic over a tilted earth and the twilight be about 12 hours. Thus, Lu Yang should have at least three more hours of daylight in 478 BC when he became emperor or 470 BC when he died. If the sun rose 30° - the greatest of the 28 lunar mansions, Lu Yang would have more than an hour more daylight. Because the sun must have moved at least 180° east Lu Yang probably had 12 more hours of daylight.
If the sun reversed three stall is to be meant 3 X 180° this battle could have lasted 36 more hours in daylight.
Today over 90% of the Chinese population consider themselves Han from their victory in 202 BC.
"According to ancient Chinese astronomy, there are 12 Ci, each of them consists of different Xiu (constellation, mansion). Therefore, even in Han dynasty, the annotator did not know She meant Ci or Xiu. Should Ci be translated as "group of constellations"? I am not sure." -- Translation by Xueshun Liu.
3 groups of 2 = 6 or 180°. You can easily see depicted at the bottom "3 stalls". Three solar mansions could simply mean the sun moved 3 X 360°. In this scenario a few hundred years before king Hezekiah would see the sun retreat from the dawn position to rise in the west and retreat to the dawn position and the illness having remitted, gone up that day perhaps as the sun suddenly ascended as it may have for Jesus on the resurrection Sunday; and gone up the third day into the temple.
II Kings 20:8b "What shall be the sign that the LORD will heal me, and that I shall go up into the house of the LORD the third day?"
About 926 BC on the sabbath day:
2 Kings 3:22 "And they rose up early in the morning, and the sun shone upon the water, and the Moabites saw the water on the other side as red as blood:
3:23 And they said, This is blood: the kings are surely slain, and they have smitten one another: now therefore, Moab, to the spoil."
The western sunrise, and the sun standing still on the horizon, the water would reflect the red sun like blood. Perhaps then the eastward movement of the wind was paralleled by an east ward movement of the sun. God looking from the western shore out of the Pillar of Fire may not have looked into the rising sun in the east to the Red Sea crossing, but the rising sun in the west lightened the Egyptian army crossing the Red Sea. Likewise, the Red Sea may have been named thus because the Israelites saw the western blood red sun rise and reflect the colour blood as if of the drowned Egyptians from the eastern shore. You can see by the change of one letter, Reed Sea may be Blood Sea, thus Red Sea:
There is at least one occurance of a blood water sun reflection, this about 926 BC:
2 Kings 3:22 "And they rose up early in the morning, and the sun shone upon the water, and the Moabites saw the water on the other side as red as blood:
3:23 And they said, This is blood: the kings are surely slain, and they have smitten one another: now therefore, Moab, to the spoil."
"During the first year of King Yi (900 BC), in the first month of spring, the day dawned twice at Zheng"
"In his first year, which was ping-yin (3d of cycle = 894 BC), when he came to the throne, there were two sunrisings in Ch'ing"
The Chinese Classics III, The Annals of the Bamboo Books
This double dawn could the the total solar eclipse of June 24, 894 BC. However, this eclipse was only total in the Arctic Sea. Some have suggested there was an eclipse at sunrise. There was a proposal this was the eclipse of April 21, 899 BC. The path of totality passes through China at dawn. However, this eclipse was annular. There is the possibility the reigns were not quite added correctly and King Yi's first year was in 899 BC year 57 of cycle 60 and not year 3 of cycle 60, 894 BC.
This double dawn could have been one cycle of 60 years previous 894 BC, 954 BC. Asa began his reign in 984 BC.
1 Kings 16:23 "In the thirty and first year of Asa king of Judah began Omri to reign over Israel, twelve years: six years reigned he in Tirzah."
In 894 BC Joash began to reign. This may have been a time of a sun miracle for God to show his approval.
2 Chronicles 23:13 "And she looked, and, behold, the king stood at his pillar at the entering in, and the princes and the trumpets by the king: and all the people of the land rejoiced, and sounded with trumpets, also the singers with instruments of musick, and such as taught to sing praise. Then Athaliah rent her clothes, and said, Treason, Treason.
23:14 Then Jehoiada the priest brought out the captains of hundreds that were set over the host, and said unto them, Have her forth of the ranges: and whoso followeth her, let him be slain with the sword. For the priest said, Slay her not in the house of the LORD.
23:15 So they laid hands on her; and when she was come to the entering of the horse gate by the king's house, they slew her there."
If this double dawn was in 899 BC, it would be the 49th year of the 49 year jubile. The 49th year cycles were counted from the first year of Joshua's conqest in 1241 BC. So simply subtract 49 years from 1242 BC to see the jubile dates. The evil queen Athaliah ruled six years from about 900 BC to this 894 BC. There may have been a sun miracle when queen Athaliah was deposed in 894 BC in year 3 of cycle 60 from 2636 BC.
2 Kings 3:4 "And Mesha king of Moab was a sheepmaster, and rendered unto the king of Israel an hundred thousand lambs, and an hundred thousand rams, with the wool.
3:5 But it came to pass, when Ahab was dead, that the king of Moab rebelled against the king of Israel.
Lambs are born in January and are ready to be sacrificed the time of the passover in March. The first month of spring in China often was February/March. Thus the time of this sun miracle matches the time of year "the day dawned twice at Zheng." Or the day dawned twice was unrelated and may have occurred in 899 BC. This battle was in Jehoshaphat's 18th year in 926 BC just before he died.
There may have been a like sun miracle for Lu Yang in 465 BC when the setting sun retreated three solar mansions.
"Prince Tau of Yin was an involuntary guest of the king of China when the sun returned to the meridian; it was interpreted as a sign to allow the prince to return home",
Lu-Heng II, 176
The time of the sun miracle in 230 BC must have been about midnight in March. Then the sun would travel 180° east. Then Venus in Aquarius would pass through the Pleiades before the sun dawned in the west to pass through the meridian. The sun may have travelled 540° east. Still this must have been about midnight in March for Venus to pass through the Pleiades. The wall tumbled down because of an earthquake. Earthquakes often occurred when there was a sun miracle.
"There was an earthquake in 232 BC."
"There was an earthquake in 230 BC and the people suffered from a major famine."
The Grand Scribe's Records, Volume I, p.132.
Famine and drought often followed sun miracles. The planets were moved when there was a sun miracle. A white rainbow pierced the sun in 397 BC and in this 230 BC. Hsin Yuan Ping saw an emanation of a deity when the sun returned to the meridian also in 163 BC. There may have been sun miracles in 210 BC and 203 BC also. There were also sun miracles in 155 BC, 148 BC and 141 BC. This very likely was the phoenix of Ptolemy III 246 BC - 222 BC. This jade phoenix from the Han dynasty from 230 BC - 206 BC may have been a representation of recent sightings of phoenixes.
Note the rooster comb or rather crown. Note from the side it looks like an eagle with two sets of wings like the four beasts in Ezekiel 1 and Revelation 4:
Jade phoenix with two sets of wings.
Note from the bottom the talons that grasped the sun:
Jade phoenix with talons.
The sun crow is depicted with three legs. In a profile sometimes only three of four legs are seen. The four beasts before God's throne had four legs. Thus the phoenix must have four legs.
A strong wind was recorded in Liu Pang's victory song in 204 BC:
"A great wind arose, clouds flew up!
My prestige increasing within the seas, I return to my hometown.
But where will I find valiant warriors to hold the four directions?"
'Surrounded by those who helped him take the four directions in the first place, this is a strange inquiry.'
The Grand Scribe's Records, volume II, p.94
The third month of 203 BC. Perhaps about the time of the Passover. 204 BC August 14 - September 12: "3rd year of Emperor Gaozu of Han, 7th month. A fuzzy star appeared (xing bo) in Dajiao for over ten days before going out of sight."
East Asian Archaeology, p. 129.
Perhaps there was a sun miracle in the seventh month, August/September 204 BC, and earth had flowed into a reverse orbit of the sun. Thus the need to find the four directions.
"Thereupon, he ordered the officials in charge of offerings to sacrifice to Heaven, earth, the four directions, Shang-ti (The Supreme Deity), the mountains and the rivers. The sacrifices were to be made according to the proper times." July/August 205 BC.
The Grand Scribe's Records, volume II, p.51
Liu Pang's father was given the name Chih-chia. Wang Fu give T'uan. It may be T'uan which means 'blazing, like a fire,' was his agnomen; a possible link between these names would be that if one 'grasps the good' his name is sure to become 'blazing' or 'illustrius'.
The Grand Scribes Records, Volume II, p.2.
Liu Pang was born either in 256 BC or 248 BC, on the year of sowing and reaping after the fallow year in Israel. Perhaps there was a sun miracle on his birth. Also, the reason his father was given the name 'blazing' may have been because he was born in the year of a blazing sudden sunrise in the east.
"In his 15th year, of emperor Wen, 166-165 BC, a yellow dragon appeared in Ch-eng-Chi. At this the sovereign issued an edict, saying "A super natural being appeared in Ch-eng-Chi. That will do no harm to the commoners. This year there will accordingly be a good harvest...The ritual officials concerned all said, "In ancient times the Son of Heaven in summer personally paid salutation and offered sacrifices in the suburbs to the Supreme deity."
This may have been a sun miracle in May of 166 BC, perhaps one year after the sun miracle of May 31, 167 BC.
"He performed the rites in response to the auspicious Heavenly signs in the fourth month, the first month of summer," May 6 - June 4, 165 BC. In May 17, 166 BC there was a solar eclipse visible from China, total in the far south. Sometimes sun miracles happened at the same time as eclipses.
Hsin-yuan P'ing, a man of Chao, had an audience by virtue of having observed an emanation."
Notes: "Hsin-yuan P'ing claimed he had observed an emanation of a deity northeast of the capital."
The grand scribe's records, Volume II, p.176, by Ch'ien Ssu-ma, William H. Nienhauser, Tsai Fa Cheng, Weiguo Cao.
That he saw a deity may have been he saw the angel at the sun move the sun, perhaps on the day of Pentecost Sunday May 11, 165 BC.
"Emperor Wen of Han, 15th year of the Qianyuan reign period, in spring. Within the sun there was the character wang (king)."
East Asian Archaeology, p.152.
The Pharisees maintained the Pentecost was to be counted 50 days from the day after the Passover while the Sadducees held that it be counted from the Sabbath following the Passover. Thus the Pharisees would be there to celebrate Pentecost on Sunday May 24, 33 AD and the Sadducees would be a week late. Then a sun miracle right when the Pharisees grouped from this 165 BC on this 50th day from the day after the Passover - Pentecost - Sunday May 11, 165 BC or June 10, 165 BC, and Leviticus 23 would have given them reason to be so particular about the feast of Pentecost.
Hsin-yuan P'ing waited for the sun to return to the meridian and saw it, December 12, 164 BC.
The Grand Scribes Records Vol.II, p.176
After the sun had returned to the meridian once, he told the emperor, "I expected the sun to rise to the meridian twice [in one day.]"
Note: After a while the sun really rose to the meridian again.
Perhaps the sun retreated to the dawn position in China. Perhaps this was the beginning of Hanukkah and the sun stayed at the dawn position for 84 hours, 7 X 12 hours. Thus the long night in Israel that lasted eight nights. 7 X 12 hours plus the current night of 12 hours.
Liang Yu-Sheng argues it was this incident that made emperor Wen change the calendar. When he changed the 17th year to the first year. - in the 17th year, 164 - 163 BC, a jade cup was obtained and it was carved with the characters "The Ruler of Men will live a long life". At this the Son of Heaven changed the reign year count from seventeen to the first year.
The Syrian king Antiochus IV desecrated the temple in 168 BC, 200 years before Jesus' crucifixion.
In China on the new moon in Israel, May 31, 167 BC, just a few days before the feast of Barley harvest, Pentecost, the beginning of the third month:
The Prefect of the Grand Granary of Ch'i, Master Ch'un-yu, committed an offence and deserved to be punished. This had to do with agriculture and the seasons, perhaps the stars not appearing in their seasons. This is 1290 days to Hanukkah December 12, 164 BC.
Daniel 12:11 "And from the time that the daily sacrifice shall be taken away, and the abomination that maketh desolate set up, there shall be a thousand two hundred and ninety days.
12 Blessed is he that waiteth, and cometh to the thousand three hundred and five and thirty days.
13 But go thou thy way till the end be: for thou shalt rest, and stand in thy lot at the end of days."
The 1305 days would be Purim, January 25, 163 BC. After Kislew (Kislew II), Shebat, then Adar. And Adar 15 be the last day of the three days of Purim. Thus the children of Israel were delivered by God in Esther on the same day of the year, 15th of Adar, December 13, 466 BC. Then the Israelites would be fully delivered January 25, 163 BC keeping the same 1335 days.
I Macc. 4:52 "Now on the five and twentieth day of the ninth month, which is called the month of Kislew (December), in the hundred forty and eighth year (164 BC), they rose up in the morning, and offered sacrifice according to the law upon the new altar of burnt offerings, which they had made."
John 10:22 "And it was at Jerusalem the feast of the dedication, and it was winter.
23 And Jesus walked in the temple in Solomon's porch."
The feast of dedication was to this December, the lunar month November 18 to December 18, of 164 BC - therefore Saturday December 12, 164 BC - when the temple was cleansed.
The pattern of the sun rising in the west and setting in the east for Hezekiah appears to be the same for Jesus' crucifixion. Thus the sun at noon in Jerusalem, may have travelled 375° for one hour at the speed of light. Then the noon sun reappear one hour later at the 3 PM position and set in the west at 6 PM. Then the moon rise at 6:30 PM in the east during a partial lunar eclipse. The sun and moon may have moved with earth's rotation east for a blood red reflected sun appear as a blood red moon standing still on the eastern horizon. Then after perhaps 36 hours, the sun may have rose in the west to set in the east that sabbath day, April 4, 33 AD.
The sun setting in the east brought to a close the sabbath day. The day was counted from sunset to sunset. Thus Mary Magdelene went to the tomb after sunset which began the first day of the week. Then on the third hour of the night and beginning the third day since Jesus' crucifixion, the sun must rise suddenly and brilliantly in the east and ascend up the sky on Jesus' crucifixion. The sum of sun movements must add up to 48 hours of sun movements east. Thus the 48 hours sped up earth countered by 48 hours long days and sun retreating from west to east. If over two years 96 hours must add up in two years of reverse orbits.
Darkness in the Bible may not refer to a solar eclipse but to sun miracles.
Isaiah 16:3 "Take counsel, execute judgment; make thy shadow as the night in the midst of the noonday; hide the outcasts; bewray not him that wandereth."
Jeremiah 6:4 "Prepare ye war against her; arise, and let us go up at noon. Woe unto us! for the day goeth away, for the shadows of the evening are stretched out."
The shadow of the sun would move ahead from the noon position while the sun was darkened and appear in the 3 PM position. Thus the shadows being lengthened. Thus a connection to the Captivity when God turned his back on his people and the hour of darkness when God turned his back on his Son to atone for our sins.
Moreover, at 6:20 PM when the moon rose that night there was a lunar eclipse of the moon. The sun must be ruby red while standing still. Therefore, the moon may not have appeared blood red from the lunar eclipse. The moon may have appeared blood red in reflection of the red sun. Either earth's shadow on the moon displayed some of this red glow or the moon was actually bright ruby blood red. Perhaps the sun moved with earth's rotation 180° and earth flowed out of the winter half reverse orbit at the time of the lunar eclipse. The moon was at the horizon, thus the moon may have been red like blood only hours after Jesus' crucifixion. Thus also the sun and moon should stand still in the sky for at least 12 hours. Probably the sun and moon stood still for 60 hours, a 72 hour night. -12 hours October 7, +60 hours April 3, -12 hours April 5, +12 hours October 9, 33 AD = the 48 hours. The setting sun would be over the Americas where there were no written records. And records of the lunar eclipse to start and end the reverse orbit, exactly half an orbit apart, would not divulge the fact the lunar eclipse lasted more than 12 hours rather than one hour.
There is a Lantern Festival in China for the full moon on the vernal equinox March/April. One origin story is that a beautiful crane - phoenix - flew down from heaven to earth. The Jade Emperor burned the city that tried to kill the crane. The Chinese may have seen the angel God sent to move the sun - the phoenix. The Greek word phoenix means the color of purple red or crimson. Perhaps the sun was purple red like a ruby when standing still and crimson when it rose suddenly in the east. The Chinese also used these colors to describe the sun. That lanterns were used may be from this 72 hours of darkness - China would experience the same lunar eclipse April 3, 33 AD. Lanterns would be for light, and after this long of a period, people would be coming out of their houses. There is a Pure Brightness festival Qingming Festival April 5, the same day the sun must travel 180° west over China and rise in the east at Jesus' resurrection April 5, 33 AD. This is counted 104 days from the winter solstice on the full moon. This was counted from 636 BC, year 22 of cycle 60 when Wen became duke, which could be the passover Josiah kept in his 18th year of his life:
2 Chronicles 35:18 "And there was no passover like to that kept in Israel from the days of Samuel the prophet; neither did all the kings of Israel keep such a passover as Josiah kept, and the priests, and the Levites, and all Judah and Israel that were present, and the inhabitants of Jerusalem.
35:19 In the eighteenth year of the reign of Josiah was this passover kept."
The passover in 636 BC would be Monday, April 8. The following day April 9 was 104 days from the winter solstice December 26, 637 BC. Thus if there was a brilliant sunrise April 9, 636 BC it could be a type of the resurrection Sunday April 5, 33 AD. Thus perhaps with three days of sun miracles when he lost his friend to fire, Duke Wen ordered no fire on these days.
Then the sun must travel east. Then also, if the sun (and moon) travelled east the same 45° it travelled west past 360° the sun would be right back were it was originally. And there would be no net missing time. This would mean the sun and moon would stand still in the Americas and Israel for 15 hours instead of 12 hours, or rather 63 hours instead of 60 hours. This would also mean the night of the crucifixion there were 60 more hours to Jesus' resurrection. Then there had to be more than 60 hours from Jesus' crucifixion at noon Friday to early morning Sunday. Thus also in the proper way we speak of 24 hours in a day/night Jesus must have rose after about 90 hours since the crucifixion on the third day. Also, there is the possibility the sun and moon revolved around the earth two and a half times, 60 hours, and the lunar eclipse lasted 60 hours, and earth flowed out of the reverse orbit of the sun.
In a letter from Pontius Pilate to Tiberius he stated: "And the moon, which was like blood, did not shine all night long, although it was at the full, and the stars and Orion made lamentation over the Jews, because of the transgression committed by them." - Perhaps the moon did not shine all night long because at moon rise the moon was in a lunar eclipse.
Then Jesus' resurrection would be in the third sunrise at 9 PM Saturday April 4, 33 AD. Three times 24 hours, 72 hours, - three whole days that Friday night, 12 hours that daylight day of Saturday till the sudden sunrise at the third hour after sunset.
Matthew 12:40 "For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale's belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth."
Luke 23:56 "And they returned, and prepared spices and ointments; and rested the sabbaton day according to the commandment."
Matthew 28:1 "After the sabbaths, at the dawning into the first of the sabbaths, Mary Magdelene and the other Mary came to see the grave."
The word for Sabbath was Sabbaton. This may mean by extension a se'nnight = seven nights. Thus the sabbath night beginning the Friday night of Jesus' crucifixion may have lasted seven nights 7 X 12 hours, 84 hours, longer. Thus this sabbaton night may be like the first Hanukkah where the sun did not rise for eight nights. That is, the sun did not rise for 7 nights plus the current normal eighth night. Then from sunset Friday to sunset Saturday should be 108 hours. Then Jesus resurrection and the sudden sunrise two hours later. Thus 110 hours from sunset Friday to sunrise Sunday. Joshua's long day appears to have been on a Friday. That day the five kings were hung on trees and taken down at sunset and buried in a cave. The significance of the long day of Joshua may be to point to the sacrifice of Christ. The following seven weeks ended at Pentecost, the feast of Shavout, the Festival of first fruits. A night of seven sabbaths is equal to seven weeks of Sabbath days. Pentecost is the day Boaz purchased and redeemed Ruth's inheritance. Jesus redeemed us when he rose from the dead on the Sunday, the first day of 50 to Pentecost. Pentecost is the day the Holy Ghost was given to Jesus' disciples when devout men were gathered at Jerusalem.
Matthew 27:62 "Now the next day that followedG3326(575) the day of the preparation, the chief priests and Pharisees came together unto Pilate,
63 Saying, Sir, we remember that that deceiver said, while he was yet alive, After three daysG2250(G5610) I will rise again.
64 Command therefore that the sepulchre be made sure until the third day, lest his disciples come by night, and steal him away, and say unto the people, He is risen from the dead: so the last error shall be worse than the first.
65 Pilate said unto them, Ye have a watch: go your way, make it as sure as ye can.
66 So they went, and made the sepulchre sure, sealing the stone, and setting a watch."
Perhaps on this sabbath day after an 84 hour night 7 X 12, the sun rose in the west and set in the east. Thus the concern of the Pharisees. And thus the urgency to seal the stone. The sabbath day may have been only a few hours, then the sun set in the east. The word for day is G5610 hora meaning hour. Thus this could be the third day of one hour of darkness before sunrise. The few hours of daylight after the darkness from 3PM to 6PM Friday April 3, 33 AD, a few hours of daylight Saturday, then a few hours of daylight again Sunday. Likewise the word for followed is G575 apo for completion or reversal, "X and setting". This may mean the sun rose in the west and set in the east that sabbath. Thus the day following the preparation day of Friday, may have been a reversal, the sun rising in the west and descending in the east.
Psalm 65:8 "They also that dwell in the uttermost parts are afraid at thy tokens: thou makest the outgoings of the morning and evenings to regoice."
God may have made the sun to set in the east and rise in the west. Then the birds would sing as they do in the morning. The word for rejoice is to sing.
Leviticus 4:13 "And if the whole congregation of Israel sin through ignorance, and the thing be hid from the eyes of the assembly, and they have done somewhat against any of the commandments of the LORD concerning things which should not be done, and are guilty;
4:14 When the sin, which they have sinned against it, is known, then the congregation shall offer a young bullock for the sin, and bring him before the tabernacle of the congregation.
4:15 And the elders of the congregation shall lay their hands upon the head of the bullock before the LORD: and the bullock shall be killed before the LORD.
4:16 And the priest that is anointed shall bring of the bullock's blood to the tabernacle of the congregation:
4:17 And the priest shall dip his finger in some of the blood, and sprinkle it seven times before the LORD, even before the vail."
Perhaps the High Priest made atonement for Israel for the crucifixion. Then while he was performing this sacrifice before the vail, the veil was rent in twain. Then there was 7 X 12, a seven nights in one. The Sabbaton.
Luke 24:1 "Now upon the first day of the week, very early in the morning,G901 G3722 they came unto the sepulchre, bringing the spices which they had prepared, and certain others with them."
G901; profound (as going down), literally or figuratively: - deep, very early. The Hebrew would be "bow". Sometimes when the sun "bow" it meant a sun miracle that the sun went down. Such as in Amos when he wrote "the sun shall go down at noon" which was a sun miracle and not a naturally occurring eclipse.
from G939: From baino (to walk); a pace (base), that is, (by implication) the foot: - foot.
Perhaps the sun was going down in the east having passed from the west to east the sabbath day. Then the sun brightened and suddenly ascended.
G3722 from the same as G3735; dawn (as sun rise, rising of light); by extension morn: - early in the morning.
Thus, it was written they came very early in the morning because the sun had just set in the east, now rising suddenly from the east.
Luke 24:9 "And returned from the sepulchre, and told all these things unto the eleven, and to all the rest.
10 It was Mary Magdalene, and Joanna, and Mary the mother of James, and other women that were with them, which told these things unto the apostles.
11 And their words seemed to them as idle tales, and they believed them not."
The reason they seemed as idle tales may be because of the Sabbaton of Friday night being seven times longer than usual. They may have thought they were idle in this long period of time.
Then sun miracles in ancient times were a sign on earth for Jesus' crucifixion and resurrection. Thus the statement "God will move heaven and earth to save one soul" is literally true.
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