Talk given to the Okanagan Centre, Royal Astronomical Society of Canada, Jan. 25, 2005, 7:30 p.m.:
Guest speaker Andrew Bennett will talk about "Phoenix Rising", unusual astronomical events associated with mythological creatures such as the phoenix, unicorn and yellow dragon.
This is the handout given to everyone at the talk:

The Phoenix

In Earliest Chinese History

"Around 2800 BC, the Emperor Fu Hsi wrote of seeing a k'i-lin (closely associated with the phoenix). He saw markings on the coat of the animal, and and perceived those symbols as a written language, thus giving credit to the k'i-lin for the establishment of the written Chinese language."
The Chinese recorded the male and female phoenixes appearing when there was a sun miracle. The male stands for the sun, the female for the moon. If you look at the Chinese characters for these phoenixes, at left, you will see a sun in one and a moon in the other in red. Both the sun and the moon must move 180° each time.
Huangdi recorded in 2678 BC: "In his 20th year, brilliant clouds appeared; and he arranged his officers by names taken from the colors of the clouds..The vapours of the red quarter extended so as to join the those of the green [the east]. In the red quarter were two stars, and in the green, one; all of a yellow color, which appeared, when the heavens were clear and bright, in She-te, and were named the brilliant stars. The emperor in yellow robes fasted in the Middle palace. When he was sitting in a boat on the Yuen-hoo, above its junction with the Lo, there came together phoenixes, male and female. They would not eat any living insect, nor tread on the living grass. Some of them abode in the emperor's eastern garden; some built their nests about the corniced galleries of the palace; and some sang in the courtyard, the females gamboling to the notes of the males. K'elins also appeared in the parks; and other spirit-like birds came with their measured movements. Four-horned low were produced as large as a goat, and the yin worms like rainbows. The emperor, considering that the influence of earth was thus predominant, reigned by virtue of the earth." The Chinese Classics, part III, the Annals of the Bamboo Books p.108.
"In Hwang-te's (Huangdi) 50th year, in autumn, in the 7th month, on the day Kang-shin, phoenixes, male and female arrived."
"in his 100th year the earth was rent."
Perhaps the same day:
"When Che ascended the throne there was the auspicious omen of pheonixes."

"In his (Yao's) 70th year (2287 BC), in the spring, in the first month.." "A brilliant star issued from the constellation Yih (Corvus), and phoenixes appeared...The five old men flew away like flowing stars and ascended into the constellation Maou (Taurus)." "A kind of grass, moreover, grew on each side of the palace stairs. On the 1st day of the month, it produced 1 pod, and so on, every day a pod, until the 15th; while on the 16th on pod fell off, and so on, every day a pod, to the last day of the month.." This must be on the 15 day old moon January 26, 2287 BC because the anniversary was day 38 January 26 2286 BC and the sun moved back day 48 January 26 2284 BC. "Two years afterwards, in the 2nd month, ON THE 2ND XIN DAY, he led out all his ministers and dropped a peih (round flat piece of jade with a hole in the middle.) in the Lo (River) and waited for the decline of the day. In late afternoon a red light appeared; a big tortoise rose from the waters with a writing of red lines on its back and rested on the altar. The writing said that he should resign the the throne to Shun. Thereupon, he resigned the throne to Shun."
King Wan wrote of Joshua's long day:
"King Wan dreamt that he was clothed with the sun and the moon. A phoenix duck sang on mount K'e. In the first month of spring, on the 6th day, the five planets had a conjunction in Fang. Afterwards a male and female phoenix went about Wan's capital with a writing in their beaks, which said: 'The emperor of Yin has no principle, but oppresses and disorders the empire. The great decree is removed: Yin cannot enjoy it longer. The powerful spirits of earth have left it; all the spirits are whistled away. The conjunction of the five planets in Fang brightens all within the four seas.'"

Emperor Ching quoted Huangdi in 1096 BC:
K'elins wandered in the parks; phoenixes flew in the courtyards; king Ching took a lute, and sang: --
'The phoenixes fly
All around my hall
What virtue have I
So spirits to call?

'From the former kings
This influence comes;
Theirs the joy that rings
In the peoples homes.'

"In his (Ching's) 18th year, in the spring, in the 1st month, the king went to Loh, and settled the place of the tripods there. Phoenixes made their appearance, and a sacrifice was offered near the Ho."

The sun's messenger and herald of peace that could always be seen flying high in the sky when a new Emperor ascended the thrown.
Feng-huang, Phoenix, is a bird that symbolizes the union of yin and yang, a sign of both peace and disharmony.

In the Western World

The winged sun disk symbol of ancient Egypt and the Assyrians, the Babylonians and the Hittites was inspired by the Phoenix bird "Bird of the Sun".

Ancient Greek historians such as Herodotus and Diodorus reported that the ancient Egyptians priests attempted to mathematically calculate the time of the return of the Egyptian Phoenix bird known as the Bennu.

Job 29:18 "Then I said, I shall die in my nest, and I shall multiply my days as the sand."
The word for sand is "Hol" which is phoenix, especially with the connection to its nest. The phoenix in Japan is also called the "Hol".

Aesop's Fables

In the Garden of Paradise, beneath the Tree of Knowledge, bloomed a rose bush. Here, in the first rose, a bird was born. His flight was like the flashing of light, his plumage was beauteous, and his song ravishing. But when Eve plucked the fruit of the tree of knowledge of good and evil, when she and Adam were driven from Paradise, there fell from the flaming sword of the cherub a spark into the nest of the bird, which blazed up forthwith. The bird perished in the flames; but from the red egg in the nest there fluttered aloft a new one- the one solitary Phoenix bird. The fable tells that he dwells in Arabia, and that every hundred years, he burns himself to death in his nest; but each time a new Phoenix, the only one in the world, rises up from the red egg.
Sun miracles perhaps every 100 years: 2697 BC, 2678 BC, 2648 BC, 2598 BC, 2515 BC, 2357 BC, 2350 BC, 2287 BC, 2284 BC, 2274 BC, 1891 BC, 1807 BC, 1788 BC, 1765 BC, 1316 BC, 1279 BC, 1238 BC, 1238 BC, 749 BC, 716 BC, 702 BC, 687 BC, 230 BC, 163 BC.

The Unicorn

http://home.swipnet.se/~w-59099/maskrosbarnen/Unicorn/Unicorn.htm
"The coat of the unicorn was of the five sacred colors of the Chinese; red, yellow, blue, white, and black."
The unicorn, or K'elin (K - there was - lin - unicorn), was depicted as a flaming deer.
"To them, it was a symbol of wisdom. Around 2852 BC, (3322 BC by James Legge) the Emperor Fu Hsi wrote of seeing a k'i-lin. He saw markings on the coat of the animal, and perceived those symbols as a written language, thus giving credit to the k'i-lin for the establishment of the written Chinese language." The yellow horse dragon emerged from the water of the Lo River and presented the elements of writing to him.
Huangdi became emperor at the appearing of a unicorn 2697 BC.
"in Yao's 7th year there was a Lin" Chinese Classics. This was in 2350 BC seven years after he shot at the sun because it would not move, whereupon it moved and he became emperor. Joseph became governor over Egypt in 2357 BC and sun miracles may have marked the beginning of plenty March 31 2357 BC and famine March 31 2350 BC. Two unicorns were sighted in Yao's time.
King Wan may have written down the record of the phoenix duck, long sunset February 26 1238 BC - Joshua's long day, from his year in prison when he further developed Chinese writing from Fu-hsi's unicorn in 3322 BC to the I Ching 1143 BC. "The sighting of a K'i-in was a considered a good omen, and often signified the birth of a good ruler." Sightings of the K'i-in, unicorn, occurred with the appearing of phoenixes. King Wan was considered a good ruler and the phoenix appeared in his first year, year of his birth.

The Chinese unicorn or qilin was an antelope or flaming deer. Likewise the unicorn in the Bible was a wild bull. Perhaps these verses refer to the angel of the sun like the Chinese records do.
Numbers 23:22 "God brought them out of Egypt; he hath as it were the strength of a unicorn."
Job 39:9 "Will the unicorn be willing to serve thee, or abide by thy crib?
10 Canst thou bind the unicorn with his band in the furrow? or will he harrow the valleys after thee?"
Psalm 92:10 "But my horn shalt thou exalt like the horn of a unicorn: I shall be anointed with fresh oil."

This enlarged character for the K'elin, Unicorn can be seen here with the green horn in the sacred colors of the Chinese. The origin of the unicorn may be the giraffe. And below it a picture of the green top, green flash, of a setting or rising sun. The Unicorn I believe was the sun standing still at the horizon producing a prolonged green flash, perfectly described by Huang di above:






The Yellow Dragon

http://www.theserenedragon.net/Tales/china-general.html
Myths may go back to the 33rd century BC or 2853 BC - when Fu Hsi says the yellow horse dragon rises from the Lo River. References date to 2700 BC, 1600-1100 BC, the Shang Period.
Yellow Dragon:
The First Dragon
Also used by the Emperor
Taught the Emperor Fu Shi how to write
Some consider this a class of dragons
Brought the 8 Trigrams of I Ching on its back (to Fu Shi then king Wan)
Another was predatory and monstrous and was killed by Lu Tung-pin (one of the 8 Immortal Holy Ones).
May be combined with the Phoenix to mean long life and prosperity. The Yellow Dragon depicts a spiraling day.

The Yellow Dragon was the sun miracle that served as the omen for Chuen-heuh to become emperor 2512 BC. In 2512 BC Abraham was 136 and Isaac 36 perhaps when he went to offer up Isaac.
http://jgibbons.epsb.ca/china/chinesewars.htm
""In the sky a divine dragon covered with golden scales appeared" According to the Han dynasty legend the first seal was given to the yellow emperor, Huangdi, by a yellow dragon.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_dragon
"Huang Di was immortalized into a dragon that looks like his emblem. That explains why the Chinese dragon has a body of a snake; the scales and tail of a fish; the antlers of a deer; the face of a qilin (a deer-like mythical creature with fire all over its body); and two pairs of talons of eagles; and the eyes of a demon. They fly in the sky among the clouds. Almost all pictures of Chinese dragons show them playing with a flaming pearl." Che became emperor the day Huang Di died and the Yellow Dragon took him up to heaven, that day phoenixes appeared and the earth was rent.

In Shun's 14th year perhaps 2274 BC: "A violent wind tore up houses..When the day declined there came a fine and glorious light; and a yellow dragon issued and came to the altar, bearing a scheme on his back, 32 cubits long and 9 cubits broad, in lines red and green intermingled, the words of which were that he should resign in favour of Yu."

Question: "According to mythology phoenixes occurred every 500 years"
Answer: According to the story the Egyptian priests told Herodotus (ii.73) the phoenix was reborn every 500 years. Such may be: between 3637 - 2777 BC, 2287 - 1891 BC, 1765 - 1317 BC, 1096 - 749 BC, 687 - 312 BC. "Tacitus tells us that the bird was said to have appeared first under Sesostris (Senwosri) (?866 BC), then under Amasis (Ahmosi) II. (569 BC - 525 BC), under Ptolemy III (246 BC - 222 BC = Prince Tau of Yin 230 BC)." Few people were literate and most records were lost. See What about "The Fivefold Challenge"? Thus some phoenixes were not recorded leaving 500 year gaps.
Question: "The Egyptian phoenix is different from the Chinese phoenix."
Answer: The Egyptian Benu bird and the Chinese Feng are the same because the record of the phoenix 246 BC - 222 BC in Egypt is the Chinese 230 BC. Moreover, the Bible supports the Chinese phoenix is the same as sun miracles on the same dates in the Bible.

Question: "I have seen the sun's corona in a total eclipse appear as wings on the sun."
Answer: Yes, the phoenix is depicted having wings, see Pedigree of the Phoenix. However, the total eclipse path is narrow and lasts only 4 minutes. Although most people on earth could see a partial eclipse most would not look at the sun to notice it because it is so bright even when 40% covered - such as I observed two years ago. If the sun moved 180° everyone on earth would notice. Thus, Chinese, Biblical and Egyptian sun miracles can be shown to have happened on the same day.